Mushrooms are not part of the plant kingdom, but give rise to a real realm in its own right, that of the mushrooms, also called mycetes; we can roughly divide this kingdom into two different groups, the macromycetes, or the mushrooms that are consumed by man and animals as nourishment; and the micromycetes, or all those yeasts, rots and molds, very common everywhere, of dimensions not perceptible to the human eye.
Category Fruit and Vegetables
Basil is one of the most aromatic plants cultivated in Italy; in fact it is a small herbaceous plant, native to Asia, which came to Europe centuries ago, and has been cultivated both in Europe and in Asia for a very long time. In fact, the basil we are used to eating and seeing in the garden is a hybrid plant, whose botanical name is Ocymum basilicum "Genoese", testifying to the city where the use of basil is more widespread.
Basil is a small annual shrub, belonging to the Lamiaceae family, to which mint also belongs; it is an aromatic plant cultivated for centuries in the Mediterranean area and in Asia, from where the cultivation is widespread in most of the globe. It produces herbaceous shrubs, 25-45 cm high, with thin, square-sectioned stems, which bear numerous large aromatic leaves, thin and delicate; in summer at the apex of the stems it produces small spikes of white flowers, followed by seeds.
The peppers belong to the genus capsicum, from the Solanaceae family, such as tomatoes and aubergines, and like many other plants it is native to South America; the most cultivated species is the capsicum annuum, a perennial but short-lived plant, which is usually cultivated as an annual plant.
Although winter is a time of vegetative rest for many plants, it is not said that the garden remains empty during the cold months; in fact, many vegetables benefit from a little frost, which improves the organoleptic qualities and often also the taste. Not all vegetables, however, can survive the cold, those that are most commonly grown during the winter months are vegetables obtained from fairly rustic, often native plants; some types of vegetables instead find their place in the garden during the autumn, and will be harvested only in spring.
Plant of ancient origins, originating from the regions of south-western Asia. It is a very vigorous tree, which can even reach 30 meters in height. It has deciduous leaves, each leaf is composed of 5-7-9 leaflets with a smooth surface. In the same plant male and female flowers are present together, the male flowers appear first, which are generally found in the branches of a year, while the female ones grow at the apex of the new shoots.
Garlic is one of the most cultivated aromatic plants in the world, there are traces of it even in the times of the ancient Egyptians, and its cultivation is so widespread that it is difficult to find the original areas. It is a bulbous, of the alliaacee family; It is a perennial plant, but it is grown as an annual, since the bulbs are consumed by removing them from the ground.
Plant of ancient origins from the Transcaucasian regions, widespread in many parts of the world. The most known subspecies is the malus communis pumila, from which most of the varieties of apples present on our market have been obtained. Other species are used for the production of rootstock plants.
The Mespilus germanica is a shrub or small tree originating in Europe and Asia, with deciduous leaves, not very long-lived, which in advanced age can reach 4-6 m in height. The bark is grayish, smooth; the crown is rounded, very branched, dense. The leaves are large, with a short petiole, oval, dark green on the upper side, almost white on the lower side.
Vaccinium myrtillus is a small deciduous shrub, native to northern Europe, known as the bilberry; many species of vaccinium are widespread in most of the cool or temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. These are small densely branched shrubs, sometimes climbing or ground cover, which remain below 40-50 cm in height.
Fennel is a vegetable that is grown during the coolest months of the year, starting from the end of summer until the end of winter; in small vegetable gardens it is preferred as a winter vegetable, so as not to "steal" space from spring and summer cultivations, of much simpler cultivation.
Lettuce Lettuce is an indispensable vegetable in the kitchen: if we want fresh and crunchy salads it is a choice that will surely not leave us disappointed. Its cultivation is very simple and with few and essential tricks we can have collected for most of the year. It is an annual plant with more or less broad, ovoid or elongated leaves and depending on the variety it has different shades of color from green to yellowish or red.
The fragaria vesca is a small perennial plant, 15-20 cm tall, native to Europe, Asia and North America. It forms small tufts of basal leaves, supported by single thin stems, the leaves are composed, consisting of three small oval leaves, of a bright green color, lighter and slightly pelosette on the lower page.
The ficus carica is a plant of ancient origins, originating from Middle Eastern countries, (Turkey, Syria and Arabia). It is a tree that reaches 7-8 m in height, it has large leaves with three and five lobes, thick and wrinkled. Some varieties can produce two types of fruit, the first are harvested in May June and are called the "fioroni", they are generally of large size, while the second production, called "real figs", are harvested in August-September and are of lower size than the florons.
The leek, whose Latin name is Allium porrum, is a garden plant cultivated throughout Italy and probably originating from the Mediterranean regions. Of this plant the stem is used, constituted by the leaf sheaths, closely superimposed the one high others. It is used raw, as a condiment, or cooked.
Together with ribes sativum, a white fruit, and R. nigrum, with a black-violet fruit, this deciduous shrub, of a size close to 120-150 cm, is widespread in Europe, North America and Asia. It constitutes a vigorous stump, from which erect, cylindrical, rigid, poorly branched stems branch out; the leaves are deep green and have 3-5 lobes, with a toothed margin.
Perennial sarmentose shrub native to central-northern Europe; It consists of a small-sized stump, from which grow long vines with a two-year development, covered with a thin down, sometimes thorny, arched and flexible, growing up to 150-200 cm in height.
The Prunus Persica is a plant originating from Persia from which it derives the Latin name "persica", it grows spontaneously also in China. The peach tree is a fruit tree of modest size, in fact, in its natural state it reaches only 4-5m in height. It has lance-shaped leaves up to 20cm long, the flowers are generally pink in color and bloom very early, making the peach particularly sensitive to spring frosts.
The melons belong to the family of cucurbits, they seem to come from Africa or Asia, although the place of origin is difficult to identify because they were cultivated throughout the Mediterranean area starting from the times of the Egyptians; in ancient times it was used as a vegetable, and consumed with the addition of salt or aromatic herbs, however raw.
Plant of ancient origins coming from Asia, present in the world in various species, even if the cultivated ones are little more than two or three. Pero lives well in temperate climates, in our country it adapts well to any region, preferring the earliest varieties in the hottest areas.
On this page we will talk about: other articles: Plant of Asian origin, widespread in Europe since ancient times, The cherry tree can be divided essentially into two different species: the sweet fruit cherry and the acid fruit cherry. The sweet cherry in turn stands out in two categories: duracine and tenerine.