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The muscari, also known as cipollacci, make up a genus consisting of about thirty species, originating from the regions of Asia and the Mediterranean area. The bulbs of modest dimensions produce at the beginning of the spring a dense tuft of fleshy, cylindrical, erect leaves, similar to a tuft of grass; at the same time the leaves develop short stems, 10-15 cm high, which bear a thick panicle of small blue, lilac, purple or white flowers, in the shape of a bellflower. The most cultivated species M. armeniacum has intense blue flowers; the flowers are delicately scented and the showy flowering lasts a few weeks.
As for the exposure, like many other bulbous plants also i muscari armeniacum need at least a few hours of sunshine to bloom, the best position is certainly the full sun or the partial shade. They do not fear the cold and in winter they do not need special protections to survive at lower temperatures. Despite their resistance to difficult climates, they are species that love the sun. To be able to see it grow at its best it is therefore advisable to place it in an area reachable by the rays of the sun. When the onion is grown in a shaded or half-shaded area, it tends to develop vigorous foliage but flowering will be limited. If you love this plant because of its splendid flowering, then it will be enough to satisfy its cultivation needs to see it shine with its wonderful flowering.
If watered regularly during the vegetative period, from February to May-June, they will surely have a more vigorous and brilliant development; in any case, the rains usually help us at this time of year and also the species of muscari endure the drought without problems. In winter they need the soil to dry perfectly. Irrigation must obviously be reduced to avoid the formation of water stagnation and the onset of mold.
Muscari armeniacum prefer very well drained, loose, sandy soils, rich in organic matter. Put them in a mixture of peat, sand and mature organic fertilizer; they easily naturalize and leaving them buried, an increasingly vigorous flowering is obtained over the years. The muscari are placed at home at a depth of 5-7cm.
The reproduction of the plant can take place by bulbils. In fact, the spring onion bulbs produce numerous cloves which can be detached and planted individually in autumn. It is necessary to place the new bulbils in a cool and dry place, waiting for the spring-summer season. Once they reach the warm season, they can be planted.
Cipollaccio - Muscari armeniacum: Pests and diseases
A fundamental element to take into consideration if you want to grow the onion is the soil. It is advisable to place the muscari in a very well drained soil. On the contrary, poorly drained soils can favor the onset of root rot and mold. Particularly noteworthy is the penicillium, a particularly aggressive mushroom. To avoid these problems, prevention is the best weapon.