After planting, the seedlings should be systematically examined for harmful insects. It should be borne in mind that even vegetable crops grown in greenhouses are not protected from the pest. Therefore, you need to know in advance what to do if aphids appear on the pepper in the greenhouse, than to process the plants.
And upon finding the symptoms of damage, immediately take measures to destroy the pest. Even if there are no aphids - do not refuse preventive measures - they will help preserve the harvest.
- Aphids: description and types
- What is dangerous
- Where does it come from
- Signs of aphids on pepper
- Control methods
- Aphids on pepper in a greenhouse: how to process, what folk remedies can be used
- Chemicals to combat aphids on peppers in greenhouses
Aphids: description and types
Both in greenhouses and in the open field, aphids on peppers multiply very quickly. Its colonies cause significant damage to plants, they can even cause their death.
Scientists have classified about 4 thousand species of aphids. Almost all of them are not particularly picky in terms of food, they can attack any plants.
The size of the insect is small, a rounded or oval body can reach a length of several millimeters. Aphids that attack vegetables grown outdoors are slightly larger than those that live on indoor plants.
The color of insects can be different:
- black or green;
- red or pink;
- brown or transparent.
In most cases, it resembles the color of leaves and flowers that the pest infects. There are hairs and growths on the body of the insect.
The feeding organ of aphids is the proboscis, which serves to pierce the shell of the trunk and leaves, with its help the insect sucks out the juice. Three pairs of legs allow pests to move quickly in search of food, some individuals have wings and jump well.
Most often on the site you can find the following varieties of aphids:
- potato and cabbage;
- apple and cherry;
- pea and carrot;
- root and leaf.
Even such a toxic plant as tobacco can be affected by aphids, tobacco.
The pest is widespread, it migrates easily. Pepper can affect several of its varieties at once.
Why aphids are dangerous
In addition to the fact that aphids suck juices from young leaves and shoots, it carries many diseases. Even if the pest has not infected the plantings, it produces sweet honeydew, which contaminates the leaves and promotes the development of fungi.
Even the saliva of aphids is dangerous for peppers, it contains substances that are toxic to plants, in addition, it contains viruses that can cause rapidly spreading ailments.
Where does aphid come from
Aphids overwinter in soil or fallen leaves. The eggs of the pest can also be stored in the bark of trees or shrubs. The awakening of adults who survived the winter occurs with the onset of warm days.
Ants contribute to the spread of the pest. They transfer aphids from one bush to another, protect it, because The favorite food of ants is honeydew, a sticky sweet liquid secreted by parasites.
It is useless to fight against one pest; single measures will not bring the desired effect.
Signs of aphids on pepper
The appearance of ants on the beds should be an alarming signal for the vegetable grower. Aphids should be found on the back of the sheets; upon close inspection, insect eggs can also be seen there.
Further, whitish spots form on the leaves, sticky traces of the honeydew appear, the growth of the plant slows down, and the leaves begin to fade and dry. Pepper flowers crumble without giving an ovary. Deformation of young shoots can be observed. The yield is significantly reduced. Infection of young bushes can lead to their death.
Aphid reproduction is activated with an increase in air temperature; during the summer, one female can reproduce 10 new generations.
Lack of struggle will lead to the fact that the population of insects in the beds will be in the thousands.
Greenhouse conditions are especially favorable for the life and reproduction of the pest, therefore vegetable growers should be especially attentive to the condition of the peppers. When the first signs of damage are found, measures should be taken to eliminate pests immediately.
Timely preventive measures taken, if not completely excluded, will minimize the risk of aphids appearing on peppers in greenhouses.
Prevention consists of:
- in seed dressing before sowing;
- disinfection of the soil in the greenhouse during the preparation of the beds;
- creating normal conditions for growing seedlings;
- compliance with watering rules;
- planting pungent-smelling plants next to peppers: onions, herbs, garlic.
In autumn and spring, before the start of the planting season, it is recommended to fumigate the greenhouse with a sulfur stick. In the summer, it is advisable to dust the soil in the beds with ash. Active fight against ants will help prevent the appearance of aphids.
Natural enemies of aphids are wasps, ladybugs, hoverflies, therefore it is necessary to create conditions for their attraction: plant lavender, calendula, basil, mint.
Noticing that the pepper is weakening and looks depressed, its immune system should be supported, for this it will be necessary to feed the plant with complex fertilizers.
Before spraying the bushes, it is advisable to remove the leaves on which the most insects have accumulated and burn them.
If the seedlings are in an apartment, or have fruits, then it is advisable to use folk remedies for processing.
If the flowers on the bushes have not yet opened, it is better to use chemical plant protection products.
In greenhouse conditions, both processing methods can be applied. But if pests appeared during fruiting and flowering, then it is still better to process plants with folk remedies.
Let's watch a useful video on methods of dealing with aphids on peppers:
Aphids on pepper in a greenhouse: how to process, what folk remedies can be used
Folk remedies for pest control are safe for people. Since the increase in the number of parasites occurs exponentially, the fight should not be postponed for a single day.
To scare away and destroy aphids, you can use tools that are easy to find at home, take note of the most affordable recipes, indicate them in the table.
|Active substance||Composition, recipe||Application, frequency of treatments|
Sunflower oil 200 g;
water 10 l
Shake well before spraying.
The processing is repeated after 5 days.
Ammonia 2 tablespoons;
1 spoon of liquid soap;
10 l of water
|Pepper processing is carried out several times with a break of 7 days;|
Peroxide 2 tbsp. l.
medical alcohol 2 tbsp. spoons;
dishwashing gel 1 tbsp. the spoon;
9 l of water
|Spray every 5-6 days|
Baking soda 1 tbsp;
household soap, crushed 30 g;
water 1 l
|Carry out treatments in 5 days before the disappearance of the pests|
Soap shavings 100 g;
water 10 l
|Apply to treat bushes and soil around them|
Mustard powder 30 g;
water 400 g
Insist for 3 days, then add 10 liters of water
|Repeat the treatments 3-4 times, after a week|
Sorrel roots 400 g;
10 liters of boiling water.
Insist 2-3 hours, cool, drain
|Sprinkle pepper once every 5 days|
Dandelion leaves and stems 500 g;
10 liters of water.
Insist 2 --- 3 hours, filter
|Process in 3-4 days, repeat the procedure until the pest disappears completely.|
It is imperative to repeat treatments, only in this way you can prevent re-infection of the plant with new generations of aphids. The reason is that folk remedies give results only when fighting adults.
It is advisable to process peppers in a greenhouse early in the morning or in the evening. The doors in the greenhouse must be open.
Let's watch a video on how to deal with aphids on pepper in a greenhouse and open ground, how to treat plants from a pest, folk remedies and the principle of their use:
Chemicals to combat aphids on peppers in greenhouses
The means that are used to process peppers in the greenhouse are presented in a wide range in the network of gardening stores.
In case of severe damage to plants, it is recommended to use insecticides, such as:
- Arrivo and Aktara;
- Inta-Vir and Decis;
- Fufanon and Actellik;
- Alatar and Iskra.
No less effective means included in the group of biological drugs:
- Fitoverm-M and Akarin;
- Gamair, Aktofit, Phytocid-R.
When buying insecticides, keep in mind that some of them are capable of destroying parasites at any stage of the development of individuals, including eggs. There are also drugs that not only fight pests, but also enrich plants with useful minerals, increase their immunity.
No matter how harmless the funds may seem, it is not recommended to exceed their dosage; the solutions should be prepared according to the instructions. Freshly prepared formulations should be used, most of them are not suitable for storage. When choosing a drug, you need to pay attention to whether it is suitable for processing peppers in a greenhouse, or intended for other crops.
Since insecticides of the latest generations are quite effective, it is sometimes possible to get rid of aphids after the first treatment of the bushes. If repeated spraying is required, then it is better to purchase another product.
Insects have the ability to develop immunity to certain types of chemicals.
It should be remembered that modern plant protection products are made on three different bases:
- organophosphorus compounds derived from pentavalent phosphorus;
- neonicotinoids that cause paralysis and death of pests;
- pyrethroids, which are synthetic neurotoxic poisons.
Spraying peppers less than 3 weeks before the expected harvest with chemicals is not recommended. If an invasion of insects is observed during this period, it is better to turn to folk recipes for the extermination of pests.
The appearance of aphids on peppers in a greenhouse is not uncommon, it is attracted by the juicy young shoots of the plant, so growers need to know how to treat the bushes and how to get rid of pests before flowering, during it and during the ripening period of the crop.