Field chamomile, description of the plant, useful properties, recommendations for collection and storage

Omash is familiar to both adults and children, but not everyone knows what wonderful properties it has.

A detailed description of the field chamomile plant will help evaluate all its positive aspects, and actively use it for the treatment of diseases and for cosmetic purposes.

This herb is widely used in folk medicine for the treatment of children.


  • Types of chamomile: pharmacy and meadow, Roman, Persian, German, their features
  • Field chamomile, description of the appearance, structure of the plant
  • What is included in the plant
  • The healing properties of chamomile, in the treatment of what diseases it is used
  • Contraindications for use
  • Cosmetic use
  • How to collect and store inflorescences

Types: pharmacy and meadow, Roman, Persian, German, their features

It is a perennial plant. There are about twenty types of this herb, each type has its own characteristics and individual qualities.

Such species are considered the most famous.

Pharmacy chamomile

Its stem is no more than fifty centimeters high. The leaves are small. Plants reach the same height and bloom at the same time, creating a flowering plane.

This type includes the following varieties:

A special feature is a pronounced aroma, which is emitted not only by a flower, but also by a leaf of grass.

Meadow chamomileIt is also popularly known as Nivyanik ordinary. The height of the stem reaches one meter, the diameter of the flowers is seven centimeters. In the middle, the inflorescence is yellow, and the elongated petals are white. This type is often used by flower growers for landscapes and gardens.
RomanThe height of the grass ranges from fifteen to thirty centimeters. Leaves are medium, dissected, slightly lowered near the shoots. The root system is branched and horizontal. The inflorescences are collected in neat baskets, the diameter of one flower is two to three centimeters, at home the basket will change, becoming more terry. This species blooms in early July and continues to bloom until the end of August. A special feature is the bitter taste.
GermanThe height of the grass is average, not more than forty centimeters. The stem is branchy, erect, there are no leaves near the ground. Leaves are oblong, slightly omitted. The flowering period is from July to August. The peculiarity of the plant is that one chamomile has both sexes.

Each species has useful properties, since the composition is practically the same.

Let's watch a video in which a detailed description of the field chamomile plant is given:

Field chamomile, description of the appearance, structure of the plant

The most common herb is field chamomile. The plant is small, but with a strong root system. The stem is about 40 centimeters high. The buds are formed in one basket, the flowers are white with a bright yellow center.

It blooms in early June and pleases with its tenderness until the very frost.

It grows in fields, wastelands, on the outskirts of roads. Prefers alkaline, sandy and drained soil, loves a lot of light and warmth. Some plant this herb for decoration in their garden plot, in this case it is important to monitor the reproduction of plants, since this species produces a lot of seeds.

Field chamomile perfectly adapts to any weather conditions and is frost-resistant.

The grass is propagated by seeds. Seeds are planted in the ground to a depth of no more than one centimeter.

What is included in the plant

The composition includes many trace elements, natural compounds, oils and substances necessary for the normalization and performance of the human body.

Consisting of:

  • essential oil;
  • coumarins;
  • plant sterols;
  • organic acids: antemisic, nicotinic, caprylic and salicylic;
  • flavonoids;
  • carotene;
  • tannins;
  • multivitamins and polysaccharides;
  • gum;
  • plant compounds: mucous and proteinaceous;
  • ascorbic acid;
  • apigenin;
  • chamazulene.

Chamomile oil is used in the production of natural cosmetic products. When dried, the plant contains one percent of essential oil.

Such beneficial ingredients make the herb indispensable in the treatment of many internal and external diseases.

Healing qualities

Strengthens human immunity, increases resistance against pathogenic and dangerous microorganisms. A person is less sick with colds if the product is used as a prophylaxis.

It stabilizes the performance of the digestive system, food is absorbed faster, and appetite improves.

Has an antimicrobial effect.

It acts as a good sedative, but does not affect the body as a sleeping pill.

Restores the efficiency of the kidneys, liver, stomach.

Has a regenerating, diaphoretic and anti-inflammatory effect, quickly eliminates spasms.

It has an anti-allergic effect.

Improves the structure of the skin, making it alive, gives a natural shine.

Revitalizes the affected hair, restoring the functionality of the hair follicles.

Used to treat such pathologies:

  • dermatitis;
  • diathesis;
  • eczema;
  • Chronical bronchitis;
  • tracheitis;
  • pneumonia;
  • stomach and intestinal colic;
  • with inflammation of the mucous membrane: gastritis, enteritis;
  • in the treatment of gynecological diseases: cystitis, inflammation of the ovaries and kidneys, normalization of the menstrual cycle;
  • severe headaches, especially migraines;
  • colds.

Chamomile is used as a therapeutic therapy for adults and children, but you need to make sure that there is no allergy to one of the components. Use with caution in newborns, consultation with a pediatrician is necessary.

Contraindications for use

It is forbidden to take decoctions orally during the period of bearing a child. Any decoctions from this herb contribute to the production of large amounts of estrogen. This hormone in excess is very dangerous during pregnancy, and can lead to premature birth or termination.

Any preparations that include the plant should be used with caution by people with vision problems. Admission is allowed after consultation with an ophthalmologist.

It is contraindicated to drink chamomile in case of individual intolerance or allergies, but this happens extremely rarely.

The constant use of decoctions and teas can lead to migraine attacks and recurrent headaches, cause vomiting. It is recommended to take any herb no longer than ten days, then take a break.

Cosmetic use

Chamomile is often used in cosmetics and personal care products. This is due to the fact that the composition includes tannins and oil. Only inflorescences are used for cooking.

Also, the herb is famous for its aseptic and cleansing effect. These are the benefits that creams and lotions have.

Moreover, it has an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect and can be applied to any type of skin.

Chamomile tonics rejuvenate and refresh the skin, cleanse it of acne and blackheads.

Chamomile-based face wash removes wrinkles, promotes healing of inflamed areas, relieves fatigue and tension. The soap makes your hands soft and soft.

The infusions can be used as a hair rinse. Thanks to this, the structure of the hairline improves, the curls become soft, shiny and vibrant. The constant use of the flowers of the plant gives the hair a golden color.

You can prepare the infusion yourself or buy a ready-made hair product that includes this herb.

Also used for men, chamomile is found in shaving products, deodorants and shampoos.

Chamomile flowers are actively used for the manufacture of hygiene products for children. Chamomile for cosmetic purposes has no contraindications and side effects.

How to collect and store inflorescences

Collecting herbs must be handled responsibly.

Raw materials need to be harvested during abundant flowering, it is important that there is dry and sunny weather, they are harvested early in the morning.

The next step is drying. This process requires special care, since the preservation of the beneficial properties of the plant depends on drying.

If only the flowers were cut off, then they need to be spread evenly on a clean base with a thin layer. Better to put on the window, spreading a newspaper. However, the window should not be on the sunny side, ideally the flowers should be in partial shade.

Constant air circulation is also important, for this you need to ventilate the room. During drying, it is important to mix the inflorescences periodically so that they do not get stuck.

The drying process lasts about 14 days. From one kilogram of plucked inflorescences, two hundred and fifty grams of dry product are obtained.

If the stem was torn off during collection, then the grass is tied in bunches and dried in a suspended state, in a dark, well-ventilated, dry room. Raw materials are considered ready when they are dry.

It is forbidden to dry in the oven; after heat treatment, all useful properties are lost.

The third stage is the storage of raw materials.

There are three options:

  • Transfer the dried herb to clean, dry cardboard boxes. Place the boxes in a cool and dark place.
  • The second method is costly. You need to buy small glass jars. It is very comfortable and outwardly quite attractive. Some people place such jars in the kitchen to create an original design.
  • Storage in fabric bags. You can purchase ready-made bags or sew on your own using clean, unpainted cotton fabric. The bag should be kept hanging. Thus, the buds retain their appearance and shape.

So, field chamomile is not only a beautiful, but also a medicinal plant. If you do not abuse the product, then you can save yourself from many diseases without side effects.

Watch the video: All About Chamomile. How to grow, how to harvest, and how to use it. (January 2022).