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Melon - a berry or vegetable, we solve the riddles of your favorite melon culture

Melon - a berry or vegetable, we solve the riddles of your favorite melon culture



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Melon is one of the most popular and beloved melon crops. What is the correct name for the fruit? Melon - a berry or a vegetable? Let's figure it out in more detail.

Content:

  1. Description of the plant
  2. History of origin and selection
  3. What conditions are needed for growing
  4. Is melon a fruit?
  5. Maybe melon is a berry?
  6. Similarity to vegetables
  7. What are the beneficial ingredients in fruits?
  8. Therapeutic effect and application

Description of the plant

Now this is a cultivated plant and is found only in the beds, does not grow in the wild. Homeland - India and Central Asia, from where it spread throughout the world.

Grown in most countries with warm climates. Now on the vegetable market there are many varieties and varieties. There are specimens of a round, cylindrical, elongated shape. The weight of each fruit varies from 0.5 to 15-16 kg, depending on the species. Ripe fruits are yellow, green, beige, have stripes or blotches. The surface of the rind is smooth or rough.

Inside there is a white or light yellow pulp, covered with a cavity with seeds. Before eating, the seeds are cleaned. The rind is not eaten.

The plant belongs to the genus Cucumber, the Pumpkin family and is ranked among the annual creeping grasses. Oddly enough, her close relatives are cucumbers, the next are watermelons and pumpkins.

Therefore, there are debates about where to rank the plant - to vegetables, berries or fruits.

The stem is fixed with antennae, reaches a length of 2-4 m. The roots are well developed and extend 2 m in depth and to the sides. One stem grows from 2 to 7 fruits. The early varieties are the most fruitful; no more than three units can be harvested from the late species.

The pulp is 90% water, the rest is sugar. This composition provides juiciness and sweetness.

This is a wonderful dietary dessert for the whole family. The pulp is consumed fresh, dried and preserved. The fruits make wonderful jam, ice cream, marmalade, compote, preserves and candied fruits.

History of origin and selection

Modern melons are exclusively cultivated plants, bred by breeders. Scientists have found drawings depicting similar fruits on household items of the ancient Egyptians.

The direct ancestors of such a melon, which we are used to seeing, have not been found in nature. Wild plants are found in their natural environment today. Habitat - India, northwestern regions of Iran, northern Africa. Field varieties are small in size, lack of sweetness and are more like vegetables (cucumbers). In eastern countries, wild fruits are used for food.

The homeland is difficult to determine. Residents of Asia, Afghanistan, Iran and nearby territories were engaged in cultivation. Thanks to selection, it was possible to modify the taste, shape and size. In Uzbekistan, there are more than 100 varieties that have significant differences.

From India, she came to the vastness of China, where new species have been bred since the VIII century. Therefore, there is a theory that China has also made a great contribution to the cultivation and production of the kind of fruit that exists today.

Now in the world there are a huge number of species, including resistant and less thermophilic varieties. They are grown on large plantations, after which they are sent for sale or processing.

The plant grows well and bears fruit in our latitudes, especially in warm areas. Melon is well adapted to temperate climates. Rare pineapple subspecies have been bred, differing in flesh with a red tint.

The most popular varieties are Torpedo and Mirzachulsky, which have an extraordinary taste and good transportability.

What conditions are needed for growing melon

Difficulties still arise with the classification of the melon. The development of shoots occurs as in an annual herb, and the cultivation is carried out as a melon crop.

Whimsical to lighting and humidity. For landing, choose the most illuminated area, protected from drafts and sharp gusts of wind. Before planting, digging the soil is carried out.

A large area is needed for this fruit crop. Each plant is allocated 1-1.5 sq. meters.

Over time, the lashes grow strongly, taking up a lot of space. To get a harvest, it should be planted in fertile, non-saline soil.

Pinching will help to increase the yield, and accelerate the ripening of the fruit. The main shoot is pruned, after which the development of lateral stems is activated. So that the plant does not waste energy and give ovaries, no more than three lateral shoots are left.

It tolerates high temperatures up to +38 C. However, in the heat, the soil should not be allowed to dry out. Watering should be abundant and regular. The plant will survive in dry soil, but the taste will suffer from this.

For regions with lower temperatures, it is better to choose special adapted varieties. Cold-resistant species are less sweet.

Is melon a fruit?

Despite different classifications and comparisons, the melon is most often called a fruit. The fruits have a juicy pulp, pleasant aroma and honey flavor. Such traits are characteristic of fruits.

According to the botanical description, fruits are plants with fruits that grow on trees or shrubs. It cannot be a fruit by definition. That is, a melon growing on the ground like grass is closer to a berry or vegetable.

At the same time, the term “fruit” is often replaced by the word “fruit”. In cooking, you can hardly come across a definition other than fruit. Most people call the fruit this way, slicing it before eating.

Maybe melon is a berry?

It can be assumed that the melon is a berry. This hypothesis is based on a rational grain, the fruit is classified as a berry according to the following criteria:

  • growing on the ground, like most berries
  • sweet juicy pulp
  • soft middle and presence of seeds

The difference lies in the greater number of seeds and the pericarp, which is divided into three layers. The size of the fetus is also an important classification criterion. Unlike its smaller counterparts, it is huge in size. Then why is a watermelon a berry and a melon not?

After all, its dimensions are simply gigantic. In fact, the opinion that watermelon is a berry is not entirely true. Despite such signs as juicy pulp, the presence of seeds and thin skin, differences are present.

Is watermelon a fruit or a vegetable?

It is most correct to attribute it to pumpkins. They are also called false berries. According to botanical characteristics, pumpkins have a juicy pericarp, a large number of seeds with a hard shell, and they grow from the lower ovary. Large sizes are also characteristic, unlike berries.

It is most correct to attribute melon to pumpkin. It most closely matches this definition.

Similarity of melon to vegetables

Almost no one thinks of melon as a vegetable or calls it that. However, from the point of view of botany, this assumption is closest to the truth. Like other vegetables, fruits are edible, they are produced by herbs.

Do not forget that the closest relative of the melon is the cucumber. Wild fruits also strongly resemble cucumbers in appearance and taste.

The following arguments support the classification as a vegetable:

  • the shape and structure of the leaves is similar to that of cucumbers
  • the color of the ripe fruit is like a cucumber
  • the root system is similar to that of cucumbers

In Japan, for example, they cultivate non-sweet varieties and prepare vegetable salads from them. If referred to as pumpkins, is pumpkin a berry or a vegetable? Here the situation is as vague as with the determination of the ownership of a watermelon.

If you choose from three: berries, vegetables and fruits, it is most likely to classify the melon as a vegetable. Vegetables are the edible parts of herbaceous plants.

Opinions are divided depending on the industry in which the fruit is used. Until now, there is no unanimous precise definition. The fruit of the plant is best described as a pumpkin rather than a berry. From the point of view of botany, it is more correct to refer to vegetables, and from the point of view of cooking - to fruits.

What are the beneficial ingredients in fruits?

It is rightfully loved for its delicate taste and dietary properties. The fruit mostly consists of water (88-90 g), the next significant part is carbohydrates, 8-10 g per 100 g of product. The remaining constituents are proteins, fiber, pectins, ash and organic acids.

It is a storehouse of vitamins and useful elements. The pulp has a high concentration of iron and potassium. Therefore, it is often advised to consume it for anemia, heart disease, rheumatism and gout.

The fruits are enriched with a high silicon content. Scientific researchers mark the element as very important. Silicon has a positive effect on the functioning of the brain, it is necessary for the functioning of the nervous and excretory systems. The condition of the skin and hair depends on the intake of the body.

Among melon crops, melon is maximally enriched in ascorbic acid. Also contains vitamins of group B, C, PP, EE, folic acid ..

There is more beta-carotene in fruits than in carrots. This component provides smooth skin and a pleasant complexion. Fiber improves intestinal motility and removes toxins.

It is rich in micro and macro elements: magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, inositol. There is even gold in the composition.

The product contains substances that activate the production of serotonin, which improves mood. This is the best dessert with a caloric value of no more than 40 kcal per 100 g. However, nutritionists do not recommend overweight people to get carried away with pulp.

The product is highly appreciated in the East. They believe that the fruit gives youth, provides freshness to the lips, gives strength and makes the eyes young. And it's hard to disagree with this.

Therapeutic effect and application

This is not only a delicious treat, but also a remedy. Its valuable ingredients make it incredibly useful. The fetus has a positive effect on the organs and systems of the human body.

Nervous system

Helps relieve nervous tension, improves sleep and relieves irritability. At the same time, it activates mental activity and improves memory. A few slices of juicy pulp will refresh, cheer up and relieve fatigue.

Heart and blood vessels

Scientists claim that people who regularly consume the product are less susceptible to diseases of the cardiovascular system. While enjoying the fruits, you simultaneously get the prevention of atherosclerosis.

Urinary organs

Recommended for constipation and other bowel problems. It acts gently, normalizes digestion, prevents the development of urolithiasis, improves kidney function.

Hematopoiesis

Due to the high content of iron and other elements, the product is used after operations and with anemia.

It has a pronounced diuretic effect and relieves swelling. Due to its high carbohydrate content, melon is used with caution by diabetics and those with liver disease.

Used for weight loss. For this, juice is prepared from melons, tomatoes and apples. It also speeds up the metabolism and promotes weight loss by eating pulp in the morning on an empty stomach.

The product is believed to help relieve allergic reactions. They take melon baths. For cooking, add a couple of glasses of juice to warm water or put chopped pulp.

For diseases of the respiratory tract, compresses are made on the chest. You can apply pulp or crusts to bruises and abscesses. This technique will speed up your recovery.

They are cut into neat slices, eaten raw, fruit salads are prepared, used to create desserts, juice is squeezed out. Almost every summer resident grows the plant in his garden. They will produce not only tasty, but also healthy.

Moderate consumption of melon is beneficial, cleanses and heals the body.

What is melon really? Scientifically, it is a sweet vegetable. However, in our open spaces, people are used to referring to it as a fruit for its softness and sweetness.

Berries are rather small fruits. Whatever the name of the melon, do not deny yourself the pleasure of enjoying the juicy filling. It is also very useful.

You can learn more about the properties of melon by watching an interesting video:


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