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Nature is an amazing artist who creates only beautiful paintings and noble alstroemeria is a confirmation of this. Refined and graceful, it pleases with its beauty flower growers and summer residents, who are very fond of this foreign guest.
- The history of the appearance of the Peruvian lily in bouquets
- Characteristics and botanical description of the Peruvian lily
- The main and most common types of plants
- Crop care rules
- Disease and pest control
- Propagation by seeds and corms
The history of the appearance of the Peruvian lily in bouquets
The history of the meaning of the alstroemeria flower dates back to Peru. The ancient Incas revered it and attached great importance, considering it a gift from the Sun God. They believed that a plant gives a person extra abilities: the ability to disappear, move at the speed of light or turn into animals.
Alstroemeria has many names - Peruvian lily, Inca lily. The official name used for the flower was given by a Swedish botanist in the 18th century, who drew attention to the beauty of the plant and transported it from America to Old Europe.
In the language of flowers, the presented bouquet of Peruvian lilies unambiguously indicates that the girl is unique and extraordinary. If this is just the beginning of a relationship, then the presented bouquet will mean the highest admiration, if the relationship has already arisen, then the Inca lily gives a sign that the admirer is sad without a beautiful girl.
And in combination with scarlet roses in a wedding bouquet, the meaning of the alstroemeria flower can be only one: "I give my hand and heart!". These flowers are also good in bouquets because they are suitable for any brides and do not have a scent, so even allergy sufferers have no reason to worry and worry.
Characteristics and botanical description of the Peruvian lily
Belongs to the Alstroemeria family, it is a perennial herb with numerous outgrowths on the roots. It is widely spread in the countries of South America, and is also often found in natural conditions in Bolivia, Peru, the Andes and Chile.
The stems are straight, reaching up to one and a half meters in height, therefore, when growing them, a garter to the supports is needed. The leaves are green, linear, lanceolate, most of them are located in the upper part, the flowers themselves are very similar to an orchid, there are 6 petals in the cup, located in two equal circles.
In the inflorescence, 12-20 flowers of all kinds of shades are collected: white, lilac, yellow, red, pink, brown, many varieties with spots on the petals. The fruit is a box with seeds.
A foreign guest is grown in greenhouses, winter gardens, in apartments in pots, as well as garden plants, to decorate flower beds and plots, but they use frost-resistant hybrids for this purpose.
The main and most common types of plants
There are about 128 plant species in the genus, the most famous of them.
Alstroemeria golden in natural conditions lives in Chile. It grows up to 80-90 cm, the flowers are orange, brownish with a yellow core and dark blotches.
Brazilian is a tall bush, reaching a height of 2 meters. Native to Brazil, it has pointed leaves and bright inflorescences with a large number (about 30) orange and brown flowers.
Virginia is a snow-white variety with large flowers and dark specks on white petals. Originally from the eponymous state of America, it is often used in flower arrangements.
Pretty - a small bush that grows up to 50-60 cm. Its stems are spreading, crowned with variegated pink-yellow buds with numerous specks.
Alicia is a hybrid variety with buds that vaguely resemble a rose. The color is pale pink with a white tone and spots. Bloom all summer until autumn.
Blood red is characterized by the presence of fleshy roots, bright red color with a divisible core and many buds in the inflorescence, about 15-17 pieces.
Ligtu is an interesting species developed in the UK. After flowering, it completely dies off, has a salmon-pink color and a yellow core with dark blotches. It is a frost-resistant variety with high decorative qualities.
Regina is an interesting species, characterized by pink colors with unusual fantasy dark touches. This variety blooms from June to mid-September.
Alstroemeria is a beautiful, exotic species, so flower growers love it and are often used to decorate flower beds and rockeries. A fairly tall shrub, great for the formation of zones in landscape design.
Especially popular and good are the combinations of the fragility of the Peruvian lily and the power of thorned roses, gentle duets with chrysanthemums. The location next to the gerberas is very decorative. On a large scale, they are grown for cutting, in floristry for drawing up bouquets, numerous flower arrangements. Such bouquets have a special charm, although the Inca lily does not retain its freshness for long.
Crop care rules
Lily of the Incas, although a foreign guest, is not capricious and difficult to grow.
It is enough to follow some rules when caring for her.
It is important to choose a well-lit, but shaded place from direct sunlight at lunchtime. For the cold period, southern windows are suitable, and for warm ones - eastern, western or southern ones with shading during the hottest hours.
For alstroemeria, a room temperature in the warm season of 20-23 degrees is desirable, in winter, a decrease to 15 degrees is permissible. But it is not frosts that are really destructive for alstroemeria, but hot high temperatures.
Above 27-28 degrees, it stops growing, sheds foliage, and begins to dry out. The buds for future buds cease to form. Frequent spraying of the flower with a spray bottle is a good prevention of dry air.
Watering for the Peruvian lily needs constant, without oversaturation of soil moisture. It is advisable to use soft water with the lowest chlorine content. Before the next watering, the soil should dry out a little, and during the flowering period, on the contrary, it should always be slightly damp. Avoid stagnant processes in the roots of the plant, alstroemeria does not like this, begins to rot.
The soil should be light and allow the necessary oxygen to pass to the roots. The optimal composition of the soil: leafy earth, humus or peat, vermiculite and pine bark in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1. Low acidity (6-7 ph). Heavy soils have a detrimental effect on flower growth and flowering. The nitrogen content of the soil should also be monitored.
But phosphorus - potassium fertilizers are great and are loved by the plant. It is necessary to feed with mineral fertilizers regularly, once a month.
The first feeding is complex, and then nitrogen is excluded from the composition. During the flowering period, watering with a solution containing ash is recommended: 1 tablespoon per 3 liters of water.
Disease and pest control
The culture is not easily damaged by diseases, but it is still worth carrying out preventive treatments with Fundazol several times a year. Of the pests on the plant, the most common are spider mites, mealybugs, thrips, and common aphids. “Aktara”, “Fitoverm”, “Karbaphos” cope well with them.
Propagation by seeds and corms
Reproduction is possible in several ways:
- Dividing rhizomes, corms.
For seedlings closer to the beginning of spring, it is necessary to prepare a nutritious soil. You can make it yourself, for this they mix the sod land with coarse sand and leaf earth. Or they buy it ready-made in specialized flower shops. When the mixture is ready, it needs to be disinfected; for this, the soil mixture is placed in the oven for a while.
Expanded clay is poured into a container with large drainage holes for future seedlings, and ready-made soil on top.
Seeds are evenly distributed on the surface of the planting container, pressed in and sprinkled with a thin layer of soil mixture.
The pots with seeds are covered with glass or plastic wrap and put away in a cold place: on the balcony or on the lower shelf of the refrigerator, periodically taking out the container and airing it to avoid rot and fungus. After about a month, the container is moved to a warm and lighted place with a temperature of 21-25 degrees.
For the rapid growth of seedlings, a long daylight hours of about 12 hours and frequent watering are required.
When full 2-3 leaves appear, each of the plants is transplanted into a separate pot for growing, or immediately into a pot where the Peruvian lily will grow in the near future. Flowering when growing seedlings from seeds should be expected at 2 or 3 years of plant life.
Propagation by corms
To get started with them, the bulbs are well prepared:
- To avoid infection, the corms are kept in a raspberry solution of potassium permanganate, then rinsed with clean water and dried.
- If reproduction occurs in spring, then the tubers are soaked in a solution with biological growth stimulants, so the plants will grow faster and get stronger. If it is autumn time, it is not necessary to treat with biostimulants so that the first shoots are not damaged during frosts.
- The bulbs are embedded in a pot to a depth of 15-20 cm, covered with earth and thoroughly watered abundantly. During the flowering and budding of the culture, carefully monitor the pruning and timely removal of dried, faded leaves and flowers so that the culture does not waste extra energy and juices on them.
As you can see that the cultivation of a beautiful Peruvian lily is not difficult and labor-intensive, it is enough to adhere to certain terms and rules of care for the plant. And beauty and exoticism cannot leave any grower indifferent.
Amazing Alstroemeria has a rich history, is prized by florists for its unique exotic beauty and is good for growing at home. It is worth making a little effort and following all the recommendations and constant bright flowering will not be long in coming.
You can appreciate the beauty of the plant and learn how to properly care for it by watching the video: