Pinus halepensis is an evergreen conifer native to the Mediterranean area. The specimens of Aleppo pine are quite long-lived and the adult trees can reach dimensions around 15-20 meters high, although usually, often growing in difficult conditions, they remain within smaller dimensions.
The crown of this type of plant is pyramidal in young specimens, it becomes globular with the years, always remaining in a disordered appearance. The bark of the short and robust trunk is gray, it becomes dark and deeply fissured. The male flowers are yellow-orange, they bloom in late spring; the pine cones are oval, elongated, of average size, they take two years to mature and to release the small winged seeds. The needles are 8-10 cm long and usually grow in pairs, light green, tending to gray-blue.
The Pinus halepensis prefers the sunny positions, but, being a rustic and resistant variety, it grows without problems in half-shade; the young specimens should be shaded during the hottest periods of the year.
This species of pine is native to warm places, it does not tolerate cold winters very well, preferring mild winters; the young specimens are quite delicate and must be repaired in winter and watered at least every 2-3 weeks in summer.
It is good to check the soil and make sure it maintains a certain humidity, so as to avoid suffering to the plants, especially the younger ones. It should also be checked that water stagnations do not form, which could cause damage to such specimens.
The Aleppo pine prefers rich, loose and well-drained soils, where it develops in a rich and vigorous manner; this plant usually grows in dry places, with rocky and very poor soils, where it survives and grows quite well, given its rusticity and great adaptability to unfavorable lands.
It must be checked that the soil in which these specimens are placed allows good drainage, because the formation of water stagnations could cause radical rot dangerous for the health of the plant.
The multiplication of Aleppo pine occurs by seed in spring. The seedlings obtained from this sowing appear to be very delicate and must be kept in a container for a few years before being planted; especially during the first months of life, avoid transplants as the roots are very fragile at this stage of plant development.
Let the new specimens gain strength before proceeding with their transplantation in the open ground; in this way the planting will take place when the plant already has enough strength to withstand the displacement.
Aleppo Pine - Pinus halepensis: Pests and diseases
Pinus halepensis trees are normally not attacked by pests or diseases, being a hardy and rustic variety. In the presence of specimens in contact with more delicate plants and subject to the attack of parasites, it is good to proceed with the use of broad-spectrum pesticides before the vegetative awakening.