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In order for the peonies to bloom, they need to be transplanted correctly. Naturally, the question immediately arises of how and when it is necessary to transplant, in the spring or autumn.
- Transplant features
- How exactly to dig up peonies
- Dividing the bush
- How to transplant peonies for good flowering
- We transplant peonies taking into account the factors affecting flowering activity
- When is it better to transplant peonies to another place
- When is it better to transplant peonies, in spring or autumn
The process, in principle, is similar to transplanting other flowers, except for one moment - after the bush has been dug out, it must be divided into parts.
The subsequent steps are identical:
- arrangement of a landing site, that is, holes
- soil preparation
- compliance with all mandatory rules when planting plants
- performing timely care of the transplanted plant
The first plant transplant is best done no earlier than five years after planting. Experts note that after separation, peonies begin to grow and bloom more actively.
Subsequent transplantation to another place can be done after 10 years, and even then, when diseases appear in the plant or inhibition of the usual aspects of growth.
How exactly to dig up peonies
When removing a plant from the soil, it must be borne in mind that its root system can penetrate into a depth of up to 1 meter. The roots of the peony are very delicate, so it is better to extract it from the ground with a pitchfork and do it as carefully as possible.
It is better to dig the earth around the bush at a distance of about 0.5 meters, by about 2 bayonets, then loosen the plant and, using two shovels, try to slowly remove it from the ground.
After the bush is removed, its roots are washed under a not strong stream of water from the ground. Now you can cut off the aerial part, departing from the roots about 5 - 6 cm. Subsequent actions should be to place the remains of the bush in a shaded place for 4 hours so that the root system becomes softer.
Dividing the peony bush
The correct execution of the division of the bush is not an easy task. The roots are usually too intertwined. The problem is finding the right parts of the rhizome.
When choosing such parts, attention should be paid to the adventitious roots, the presence of kidneys and, of course, the size.
A part for separation and subsequent transplantation can be considered suitable if it contains: 3-4 adventitious roots and 3-4 buds. Large parts with a large number of kidneys, experts advise not to use for transplantation.
If a rather old bush is to be divided and transplanted, then a wedge can be driven into the central part of the root system, which will help split it into several parts. Further actions must be performed based on the type and condition of the resulting parts.
The selected parts for transplantation must be carefully examined, having found rotten fragments, cut off, and also eliminate small root outgrowths. Next, you should process the entire bush with a composition with the presence of a copper component (copper oxychloride, Bordeaux mixture or something similar in composition).
When processing, special attention should be paid to the slices and process them in the most thorough way. After such a procedure, the places where the cuts were made must be sprinkled with charcoal.
At the end of the work, the seedlings are left in the shade on the street for at least a day.
Immediately before planting, the roots are placed in a potassium permanganate solution for 2 hours. Prepare a solution as follows: 1 g of potassium permanganate is dissolved in 3 liters of water. Such disinfection measures will help prevent rot on the roots.
How to transplant peonies for good flowering
Before replanting a peony bush, its root system must be moistened in a special composition to stimulate growth. This can be succinic acid or an accelerator, which can be obtained from your local specialty store.
After 10 minutes of drying, the moistened seedling can be planted. Planting a split bush is done by analogy with transplanting a regular bush. Plant care rules also remain standard.
Each peony root system has many thin roots, which are designed to absorb moisture. They are practically invisible to the naked eye, since their thickness coincides with the thickness of the cobweb. They are located vertically and can go to a fairly large depth.
It is for the normal functioning and convenient location of the suction roots that they form a large and deep hole, and also make drainage (if there is groundwater in the immediate vicinity) and a layer of top dressing.
To the question that torments almost all gardeners: when is it better to transplant peonies, experts give an unequivocal answer: from the last week of August to the end of the first autumn month. It is during this period that it is most convenient to recognize the suction roots and thick storage roots and, therefore, to make the correct division of the bush.
We transplant peonies taking into account the factors affecting flowering activity
In order to improve the quality and quantity of flowering in a peony, it must be transplanted correctly.
The correct transplant should be based on the following factors:
- suitable place in all respects
- fertilized soil
- correct season and time period for transplanting
- a pit for a transplant, decorated according to all the rules
- sufficient distance between bushes and other plants in the garden or flower bed.
Choosing a place
A new place for transplanting a bush should create maximum comfort and conditions for it, which will contribute to both better flowering and better development of the entire plant as a whole. The selected place should in no case be in a draft. In addition, there should be no problem access to the sun to the selected place.
Experts consider the ideal conditions for the bush to be a place where the plant can receive sunbathing for about 5 hours in the morning, then rest from the heat at noon in a small shade. Conditions of this kind will greatly increase the flowering time.
It is better to choose a place for a transplant on the east side. But, neither in the chosen place, nor in the vicinity, in any case, should water accumulate. When planting tree or herbaceous peonies, one nuance should be taken into account: the place chosen for their transplant should not be in deep shade, even for several hours during daylight hours.
Any of the flower varieties should not be planted near trees, the distance between them should be at least 3 meters. The proximity to bushes or walls of structures is also undesirable, the distance from them to the landing site should be at least 2 m.
Novice flower growers should listen to the above-listed practical advice and remember that trees or larger shrubs will take nutrients and nutrients from the plant, and building materials used for the construction of buildings and various kinds of structures will emit a varied amount of thermal energy in the summer and thereby creating a temperature imbalance for the flower.
Soil acidity and quality
The most suitable soil acidity for planting is pH 6.2 - 6.8. It is preferable to plant tree-like and herbaceous plant species in loamy soil and to equip drainage without fail.
Low-growing peonies, provided they are planted in a row, are best planted at a distance of about 80 cm from each other, the rest - at least 100 cm. Treelike and tall varieties are planted at a distance of 2 meters from each other. The distance between plants is weighty and significant. Therefore, it will be better to make it larger than it is recommended.
Planting depth of peony
In light soil, the plant must be deepened by 7 cm, in heavy soil by 4 cm. It is these planting conditions that will make it possible for the root system of the flower not to suffer from both heat and cold. It is also worth noting that exceeding the specified parameters can lead to partial or complete absence of flowering of the plant.
The size of the hole for planting tree-like or tall ones should be at least 80 cm deep and about 60 cm wide.For low-growing varieties, you need a slightly smaller hole: at least 70 cm deep and about 60 cm wide.
After the hole of the appropriate size is formed, you can proceed to the top dressing layer. The nutrient mixture should take up approximately 70% of the total volume of the fossa.
The nutritional formula should include the following ingredients:
- sand (if the soil for planting is not sandy)
- land with turf and humus.
The percentage of these components should be in equal parts.
In addition, the following is added to the nutritional mixture:
- wood ash or bone meal in the amount of 300 gr
- superphosphate 150 gr
- potassium sulfate 150 gr and ferrous sulfate in the amount of 1 tablespoon
The nutrient mass is covered with a layer of ordinary soil about 15 cm. Now you can start placing the root system of the flower in the hole to the desired depth. The upper part of the soil is not strongly and neatly compacted with your hands.
At the end, the planted plant must be watered with 10 liters of water. In order to prevent moisture from evaporating, the ground around is sprinkled with wood ash. With the arrival of late autumn, they sprinkle and sprinkle with peat, with a layer of about 15 cm.
When is it better to transplant peonies to another place
Experienced flower growers insist on a transplant, which can be started no earlier than from the second decade of August and finished no later than the second decade of September. The most important thing when carrying out such work is to have time to do them at least a month before the onset of the first frost.
With the arrival of autumn, the root system of the bush is dormant. By this time, she had already sufficiently developed and strengthened. Therefore, almost all transplanted plants during this period of the year take root well in a new place.
When is it better to replant bushes, in spring or autumn
Experts insist exclusively on transplanting in the fall. In their opinion, it is in a state of rest that the roots can tolerate almost any manipulation without painful pain.
But, there are florists who, for various reasons, believe that a spring transplant is better and more convenient for the plant. The reasoning of amateurs on this topic is based on the fact that with the arrival of spring, nature is full of strength, there is enough moisture in the soil and the suction roots will behave more actively.
The main thing in a spring transplant is not to miss the most appropriate time. In other words, while the plant is still in hibernation, the snow has already melted, but the earth still contains a sufficient amount of moisture and the sun shines brighter, but does not fully warm.
It is better to transplant earlier in the spring than later. In any case, each gardener must decide for himself which transplant suits him best.
Now let's watch a video on when it is better to transplant peonies, in autumn or spring: