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How to plant orchid seeds at home: tips from experts


Orchids are very beautiful and delicate flowers that leave no one indifferent. They are very diverse, their flowers can have a wide variety of color compositions.

Looking at them, you involuntarily want to grow these amazing flowers yourself. Growing an orchid at home takes a lot of time. It can take up to 3-4 years from sowing seeds to flowering a plant.

Content:

  • Where to get orchid seeds
  • How to plant orchid seeds at home
  • Care after landing

Where to get orchid seeds

The simplest solution to this issue is to buy seeds. There are offers for the sale of orchid seeds on the Internet, many order seeds from China, sometimes they can be found in flower shops or amateur flower growers. But no one will give guarantees of their quality, or rather germination. And when buying them, it is impossible to understand how high quality they are.

This is due to the fact that orchid seeds, firstly, are very small, more like dust, and secondly, they are, in fact, not very easy to obtain. Therefore, when buying, you should only remember how they should look. And then it remains to dare and independently create your own miracle.

Orchid seeds can also be harvested by yourself. However, getting them is also not very easy. This is due to the fact that orchid flowers are not always pollinated, and sometimes even when pollinated, they may not form a seed capsule. But they can be "helped" a little in this. First of all, you need to do pollination. This should be done during the period when the flowers are fully blossomed.

We carry out pollination

  • Gently remove the pollen with tweezers or a toothpick. It has the form of two small balls of bright colors, often orange
  • Then clean the pollen from the film in the shape of a ponytail
  • Place the pollen in the seed box of the mother flower. She is at the top of the flower

All pollination is done. The flower from which the pollen was taken will wither within 24 hours, and the mother flower will ripen and soon close the seed pod and begin to swell. Swelling of the seed pod indicates successful pollination. It takes on an elongated shape. The seed pod can take from 3 to 8 months to mature.

When this process is completed, a microcrack will appear on the surface of the capsule, which will increase for several days and then completely open and throw out all the seeds. So, you can buy orchid seeds online, or you can get it yourself. In the second case, the orchid needs to be pollinated and wait for the seeds to ripen.

How to plant orchid seeds at home

The most difficult thing in this process is to prepare the ground and make the planting itself. There are several mix options. First of all, you can simply buy a ready-made substrate for sowing orchid seeds. You can prepare it yourself. This will require the following components:

  • distilled water - 500 ml
  • sugar - 5 grams
  • honey - 5 grams
  • starch - 100 grams
  • banana puree - 30 grams
  • fertilizers for orchids (see the dosage on the package)
  • powdered activated carbon - 1 tablet

All ingredients must be thoroughly mixed, put on low heat and, stirring constantly, bring to a boil and boil for a couple of minutes. The finished mixture should have the consistency of thick sour cream. The orchid seed mixture is ready. Now it needs to be poured hot into containers.

Preparing containers and sowing seeds

The preparation of containers for seeding orchid seeds must be taken very seriously. Everything needs to be sterilized. At the next stage, you will need:

  • small funnel with a long spout
  • cans from under the solution for droppers with lids, you will need about 5 pieces for our amount of substrate (you can use other containers)
  • syringe
  • Scotch

Pour hot substrate through a sterile funnel into pre-sterilized cans from solutions for droppers. You need to pour it very carefully so as not to pour it onto the walls of the can. Pour about 100 ml of substrate into each jar. Then close the jars tightly with sterilized lids and carefully wrap with tape.

Video on how to plant an orchid:

The next step is sterilization of the substrate. To do this, carefully place the sealed cans in a container with water. Make sure they remain upright. Put the container with water and jars on a small fire. Bring the water to a boil, boil for about 30 minutes and turn off the heat. The jars with the substrate should remain in the water for about another day. After a day, repeat the sterilization operation.

That's it, the substrate is ready for sowing orchid seeds. It is important that everything is sterile! Containers for filling the substrate must be sterilized; any instruments used in the sowing process must be sterile. Before sowing, orchid seeds must be disinfected.

To do this, they should be soaked and held in an antiseptic solution. As a solution, you can use the following composition: 3% hydrogen peroxide and 10% chlorox.

Sowing orchid seeds into a ready-made substrate

Collect disinfected orchid seeds into a sterile syringe with a long needle. Then, with a needle, pierce the rubber cover (along with the tape) on the jar with the substrate. Squeeze a few drops of seeds directly into the substrate. Turn the jar slightly in different directions to distribute the seeds throughout the substrate. After sowing, remove the needle, and disinfect the puncture site on the lid and seal it with fresh tape.

Care after landing

Conditions for seed growth should be approximately as follows: temperature 19-22 degrees, long daylight hours. In sealed cans with sown orchid seeds, changes will begin to occur no earlier than a week later. The first visually noticeable change is the appearance of small green balls in the substrate.

Then thin sucking hairs will appear, and then the first small green leaves. After the plant gives two or three leaves, the first roots will appear. Plant transplantation will only be required after about a year. Important! Carefully monitor cleanliness during preparation for sowing and directly during sowing. All containers must be sterile, the substrate is boiled, the seeds are disinfected.


Watch the video: Your Orchid Will Bloom all Year Round. 7 Growing Orchids Tips You Should Know. iKnow (December 2021).