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The title of the largest vegetable in our gardens undoubtedly belongs to the pumpkin. In temperate climates, with proper care, it is possible to grow a vegetable weighing up to 50 kg.
- Useful qualities of pumpkin
- Growing pumpkin
- Basic principles of pumpkin care
- The need and feature of watering
- The main types of feeding for pumpkin
Useful qualities of pumpkin
Pumpkin is one of the healthiest vegetables, rich in carotene. The pumpkin diet is prescribed for patients who suffer from various abnormalities in the field of vision.
Nutritionists practice the use of pumpkin for patients with stomach and intestinal problems. With the help of pumpkin juice, constipation is eliminated, and the seeds have anthelmintic properties.
Culinary experts use pumpkin in all sorts of ways to prepare hundreds of varieties of delicious and healthy dishes.
Pumpkin is a thermophilic plant. The most optimal planting time is when the soil is fully warmed up and exceeds the average daily temperature of + 10C. Planting pumpkins in the ground is carried out at a temperature not lower than + 13C, since at lower temperature indicators the seeds do not develop and rot in the soil.
As a rule, at this moment the soil is already deprived of that amount of moisture, which would be sufficient for the formation of seedlings. To replenish it, about two liters of warm water not lower than + 50C are poured into the landing hole. As water is absorbed into the soil, seeds are laid. From above, the seeds are covered with a nutrient mixture and mulched with peat chips or humus. These activities help to increase the field germination of seeds.
The distance between the wells should be at least 60 cm, since the pumpkin has the ability to grow very strongly. Due to the peculiarities of the trail, the pumpkin is planted away from erect plants, and the beds are planned in open areas with direct access to sunlight.
For rapid seed germination, the entire sowing area is covered with a film, the edges of which are tightly fixed. When seedlings appear, the film is cut, a wire frame is installed over the holes and the film is stretched. Many people leave the film on the surface of the soil, using it as mulch, thus making it easier to control weeds.
Growing pumpkin is done in two ways:
- Seedlings grown in a greenhouse or at home using paper cups a month before the planned planting. Seedlings do not dive.
- Seeds, which are applied directly to the soil no later than the end of May.
Basic principles of pumpkin care
- When sowing - the obligatory introduction of organic fertilizers into the holes: manure, peat or humus;
- Covering crops with a film to restore the temperature regime;
- Mandatory watering with warm water at the time of flowering, formation and formation of ovaries;
- At the time of pumpkin ripening, watering is limited;
- Mandatory feeding every two weeks;
- Carrying out work to limit the contact of the ripening fruit with the ground by placing non-rotting materials under the vegetable.
The need and feature of watering
Being a moisture-loving plant, as indicated by its overgrown root system and large leaves, pumpkin needs large amounts of watering. Sucking moisture from the soil, it immediately evaporates it through the leaves, thereby providing itself with a comfortable greenhouse environment in the system of its own bush. This is necessary for the plant to form female inflorescences. Being an infinitely delicate flower, these inflorescences do not tolerate heat and dryness. Therefore, special attention should be paid to watering during the flowering period of the pumpkin.
Water used for irrigation should not be lower than + 20C. Do not water the pumpkin with water from springs or artesian wells, as cold water can destroy the plant. Before watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil to a depth of 10-12 cm, without damaging the upper part of the root system, and also remove weeds.
The main types of feeding for pumpkin
Top dressing is done in two stages:
- The first stage is carried out when three or five true leaves appear. Nitrophoska is added to the soil in an amount of 10 grams per bush in a dry form.
- The second stage is carried out at the very beginning of the formation of lashes with the introduction of nitrophoska, dissolved in water, in an amount of 15 grams per plant bush.
Have a great effect:
- feeding with ash and ash elements at the rate of 1 glass per bush;
- feeding with mullein solution at a rate of 1: 8. One bucket is introduced for 5-6 bushes at the beginning of the growing season and one bucket for 3 plants during the ripening period.
So. To grow a high-quality pumpkin crop in your own garden, careful watering and timely feeding of plants will be a necessary and sufficient condition. The growing season of a pumpkin lasts about three months. In 90 days, without much effort and time-consuming operations, you can grow a tasty and healthy product on your site.
Pumpkin is not a picky plant. With proper care, she will always thank you with a bountiful harvest.