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Zucchini is a vegetable that deserves your attention

Zucchini is a vegetable that deserves your attention



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Zucchini is a valuable dietary, low-calorie vegetable. It is curious that this crop is considered a vegetable according to the agrotechnical and gastronomic classification, and from the point of view of botany, zucchini is a berry.

Without going into scientific wisdom, we can confidently say that now not a single Russian summer cottage garden can do without this Mexican "newcomer". For one family, it is enough to have only 2-3 bushes on your site. Zucchini is fried, baked, stuffed, pickled, canned, and delicious caviar is prepared. They are used in cosmetology and weight loss diets. They really deserve our closest attention.

Content:

  • We plant zucchini: seeds and seedlings
  • We take care of zucchini
  • Fighting for the harvest

We plant zucchini: seeds and seedlings

Zucchini came to Europe in the 16th century from Mexico, taking with it from its historical homeland the exactingness of the sun, moisture and soil fertility. For all its unpretentiousness, gentle shoots cannot stand even a short-term minus. Therefore, in central Russia, seeds are sown in open ground, when the probability of sprouts getting under late spring frosts has passed, approximately in the last days of May.

In order to obtain a later harvest, the sowing season can be extended until mid-June. Seeds soaked and disinfected in potassium permanganate are kept for 2-3 days in a damp cloth until they ripen at a temperature of at least 25 degrees. To speed up the harvest, zucchini can be grown as seedlings.

To do this, seeds are sown in a greenhouse or at home in pots with a diameter of at least 12 centimeters in the period from mid-April to early May. Weeks after 3-4 with warm, calm, preferably cloudy weather, the seedlings are planted. Before planting, both the holes and the plants are watered with water heated to 35 degrees.

Zucchini, like all pumpkin, take up quite a lot of space in area and constantly form fruits. Therefore, they are not planted in the beds, but separately in the holes. In the northern regions, they are grown on ridges, at the base of which, to heat the ridge, a filling of fresh manure is laid. 2-3 seeds are placed in the hole, then choosing the strongest plant. Some summer residents leave two sprouts in one "nest".

Important. The best soil for zucchini is light fertile loam. The best place in the garden is sheltered from the winds, near the fence, buildings, in the wings between grape trellises or corn. Up to 5 kg of compost will need to be added to each hole in advance, since the nutrients from the soil are taken out in a very large amount of zucchini.

The distance between plants should be at least 0.8-0.9 meters. Experienced vegetable growers have noticed that zucchini do not like close proximity to pumpkin. Over-pollination may occur, and the yield will decrease.

We take care of zucchini

Zucchini care is almost straightforward. But the basic rules must be followed. Zucchini love moist soil, so they are watered with abundant warm, settled water about once every 8-10 days at the rate of a bucket of water per square meter.

With active fruiting and in dry weather, watering is increased. Water is poured from a watering can without a sprayer under the root of the bush, trying to prevent moisture from getting on the leaves. Water ingress on foliage can trigger the development of fungal infections. With abundant, but not too frequent watering, the water penetrates deep into the ground, and even when the soil surface dries up, moisture remains available for the roots in the depths.

The crust formed on the ground must be loosened carefully. The roots exposed after watering must be constantly mulched with peat and humus. Watering can be combined with top dressing: add 3 liters of nettle slurry to 10 liters of water - herbal fertilizer infused for two weeks. The substances necessary for the plant are in the "herbal" water in small quantities, but are absorbed instantly.

During the season, they are fed this way several times. Before flowering, you can feed with this solution: for 10 liters of water, take half a liter of mullein or chicken droppings and one tablespoon of nitrophoska.

Water at the rate of 1 liter per plant. During flowering, the composition of the "soup" for zucchini is slightly different: a glass of wood ash and a tablespoon of complex fertilizer are stirred in 10 liters of water. Experienced summer residents, already by the appearance of the fruits, can determine which nutrients the plant lacks:

  • strokes on the peel - a lack of boron
  • decay of fruits - perhaps lack of iodine
  • narrowing of the "cylinder" in the middle - lack of calcium

Observation will help adjust the menu for a "starving" pet.

Fighting for the harvest

It is really worth fighting for a rich harvest: in addition to good taste, the fruits also have a medicinal effect. They are included in the diet:

  • for cardiovascular diseases
  • with kidney disease
  • liver
  • blood
  • obesity
  • gout

Video on how to grow zucchini in the country:

Zucchini is a very early ripening crop, fruiting begins approximately 2 months after sowing the seeds and continues in June-August. The first crop appears within 20 days after the beginning of flowering. It is advisable not to allow young fruits, the so-called "greens", to grow more than 20-25 centimeters in length, since the presence of larger and overripe fruits on the bush inhibits the appearance of new ones.

Young and small zucchini at the age of 8-12 days are the most delicious and healthy. They have delicate flesh and thin skin. Mature, but not overripe, zucchini can be stored in a cool place for 4-5 months. The fruit is considered ripe if the skin is hard and a dull sound is heard when tapped.

Often the spots that appear on the leaves are the cause of the alarm of summer residents. Old leaves turn yellow - this is a natural process. But if they are covered with spots at the beginning or middle of growth, there is reason for excitement - this may be due to:

  • thickening of a bush or whip
  • malnutrition
  • fungal disease - powdery mildew

The leaves are covered with a white bloom, then turn yellow and dry. If urgent measures are not taken, the disease spreads rapidly and affects the whip entirely, spreading to neighboring plants. Bushes need to be regularly examined and diseased and old leaves should be destroyed.

Extra leaves are also cut off, giving shading and hiding flowers from pollinating insects. In wet and cool weather, insects are inactive. The zucchini lover himself has to work as a pollinator: with the ripe anther of a male flower (stamens), 2-3 female flowers are touched several times to the columns (pistils).

It is important to know. Male flowers differ from female flowers by the presence of a long thin "legs". For both a beginner gardener and a sophisticated zucchini, it is just a gift: it grows quickly, bears fruit abundantly, is stored for a long time, allows you to make many tasty and healthy dishes and preparations for the winter.


Watch the video: BEST METHOD OF PLANTING SQUASHPUMPKIN ON A GRASSY FIELD (August 2022).