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In order for garden strawberries to give a good harvest, you need to take care of this in advance and create all the appropriate conditions for its growth. All that is needed is proper watering, timely feeding and frost protection.
- When to plant strawberries and how to choose seedlings
- What soil is suitable for strawberries
- Landing place
- Planting strawberries
- Plant care
When to plant strawberries and how to choose seedlings
The strawberries are planted at the end of July. The most suitable period is from late July to August 10. The later the plant is planted, the better harvest it will bring for next year. And yet, do not delay the planting procedure until mid-August. Strawberries are best planted in the evening.
During the night, the plant acclimates to a new place. Ready-made strawberry seedlings are purchased in specialized stores. You can prepare it yourself if there are already strawberry bushes on the site. Planting material should be prepared during harvest, paying attention to the quality of the berries ripened on a particular bush.
The best bushes need to be marked in some way, you can stick a small peg next to it. The next year, you can pinch off a rosette from this bush and plant it in a new area. You can plant several varieties of strawberries, but then each variety of berries should have a separate bed.
What soil is suitable for strawberries
Before you start planting strawberries, you need to properly prepare the soil. For this berry, soil is suitable with the following characteristics:
- slightly acidic
- sandy loam
A berry grown on sandy and clayey soils will be shallow, because it will not have enough moisture, excess moisture is also harmful. The basic soil composition may look like this:
- turf soil
- wood ash
Humus, peat, turf are taken in equal proportions, then a small amount of sand is added there. Before planting, the earth is carefully dug up, fertilized, and humus is introduced. It will take two or three weeks for the soil to compact. Only then will it be possible to start landing.
For strawberries, you need to choose a sufficiently lit place. She needs sunlight, even a slight shade can affect the quality of the crop. In this case, you need to pay attention so that tomatoes or potatoes do not grow nearby, since strawberries have diseases similar to them.
The places where beans, peas, onions or garlic previously grew are best suited. The landing site must be flat. In the lower reaches, the berry will grow poorly. If the plot is located near groundwater, then it should be raised. In this case, the height of the bed should be about 40 cm.
With dry soil, the beds do not need to be raised high, 15 cm will be enough. The most suitable areas are located in the southwestern part of the garden plot. Steep slopes are not suitable for this culture. In addition, the site must be protected from the winds.
A berry can grow in one place for no more than five years. After this period, another site is selected for the berries. Strawberry yield depends on its age. The first and second years will be the most productive, in the third year the harvest will be good, but the berries will become smaller.
Over the next two years, the number of fruits will gradually decrease. If desired, after three years, strawberries can be dug up by the roots and burned, and vegetable crops can be planted in its place. After three years, strawberries can be planted again in the same area.
Strawberries are propagated by rosettes that form on the whiskers of the mother bush, the closer the rosette is to the mother bush, the better. Up to five rosettes can be grown on one tendril. Berries should not form on the mother bushes, as soon as flowers appear, they should be removed. The bushes of the second year of life are best suited for reproduction.
A rosette with several leaves and roots is separated from the uterine bush. After that, she is planted in the ground. They are engaged in planting work in the evening or in cloudy weather, so that the plants do not die from the bright sun, but have time to take root well.
When forming a bed, it is necessary to maintain a certain distance, both between the ridges and between the bushes. A distance of about 90 cm is maintained between the beds, and the bushes are placed 30 cm apart.
The procedure for planting strawberries is as follows:
- make a small indentation
- a small mound is formed in the fossa
- a socket is planted on a mound
- sprinkle the roots with earth
After planting the rosette, the strawberries should be watered. This is done carefully so as not to flood the plant. For this procedure, a watering can or a sprinkling method is used. By the onset of winter, the seedlings will have time to acclimatize well. The next summer, strawberries will begin to bear fruit. To protect the planting from harmful insects, you can plant lupins nearby.
After the strawberry bushes have been planted, it is necessary to make efforts so that they take root well, for this they are covered with sheets of paper and periodically sprayed. Strawberries need water, otherwise the plant may dry out, watering must be carried out regularly, while avoiding excess moisture.
On hot days, plants are watered every four days, and in cloudy weather, once a week will be sufficient. One square meter must have at least 5 liters of water. In general, you should be guided by weather conditions and water as needed. Water the strawberries in the morning.
In general, plant care is not difficult, it includes the following procedures:
- cleaning the area from harmful insects
Mulching is a necessary procedure for strawberries. Moisture evaporation can be avoided by mulching. The best mulching material for this berry is needles, if there are no needles, you can use cut grass. In August, you will need to loosen the soil to a depth of 5 cm.
You need to feed strawberries three times per season:
- The first feeding is done in the spring, before flowering.
- The second time strawberries are fertilized during the fruiting period
- Third time - in the fall
Vermicompost is suitable as a fertilizer, it contains the nutrients necessary for strawberries: phosphorus and potassium. Also, the fertilizer contains phytohormones that accelerate plant growth and antibacterial and antifungal substances. In the spring, strawberry bushes begin to prepare for the season.
Dried and diseased leaves must be removed. Around the bushes, the soil should be well loosened. When the first young leaves sprout, the old foliage can be completely removed. It is recommended to do pest prevention. For this, a one percent solution of copper sulfate is prepared.
Strawberries are spilled with this tool, after a week the berries are treated with potassium permanganate. This method will destroy the larvae of harmful insects. When the strawberries begin to bloom, they also need to be treated with a light pink solution of potassium permanganate, to which 0.5% boric acid is added.
Along with the berries, antennae begin to grow on the bushes. They should be removed throughout the entire fruiting period. With proper care, strawberries bear fruit actively from May to October. Strawberries are very sensitive to frost at temperatures below 12 degrees, its delicate roots can freeze. Therefore, the berry is prepared in advance for wintering.
To do this, in October, the bushes are sprinkled with spruce needles and sawdust, the soil is pre-mulched with peat. And when the first snow falls, it will need to be compacted. The snow layer should be at least 10 cm. In the spring, the layer of soil and sawdust is carefully removed.
Video about strawberry varieties that always yield: