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Yoshta or kroma is still an unfamiliar culture. And the breeders did it quite well.
- Description of yoshta
- Growing conditions and planting
- Basic care activities
- Reproduction of yoshta
- Using yoshta berries
Description of yoshta
Yoshta is a fruit shrub of hybrid origin, obtained by crossing black currants and gooseberries. The main goal of obtaining this hybrid was to improve the yield of black currant. Also, getting rid of gooseberry thorns was a priority. From a botanical point of view, yoshta is a perennial plant of a shrub type. It is characterized by strong and highly spreading bushes and a very intensive growth rate.
The height of individual shoots of this shrub can exceed 1.5 meters. The depth of the root system does not exceed 40 cm. Leaves are dark green. They resemble currant leaves in shape, but unlike them they do not have a characteristic odor. They remain on the branches until late autumn.
Yoshta fruits are black in color with a characteristic purple tint. Found in brushes consisting of 3 or more pieces. The taste of yoshta berries is sweet and sour with a characteristic nutmeg aftertaste. The average weight of the berries is about 3 grams. When ripe, unlike black currants, they do not crumble, but remain on the branches for a long time. The average life span of yoshta bushes is about 20-25 years.
Growing conditions and planting
For growing yoshta, open sunny areas with fertile soils are best suited. When placed in partial shade, even in light shade, yield indicators are significantly reduced. Yoshta seedlings can be planted both in spring and autumn. Bushes are placed in rows, the distance between which should be at least 2 meters.
Planting holes must be sized to fit the roots. Bending and twisting of the roots is unacceptable. Before planting, water is poured into the pit in an amount sufficient to prepare the talker. When planting, the root system of the seedling is dipped into it. Using a talker allows you to achieve a tighter adherence of the earth to the roots of the plant.
When choosing a place for planting yoshta, preference should be given to those areas where gooseberry and currant bushes are located in the neighborhood. The benefits of such a neighborhood will be obvious. The yield will increase both on the yoshta itself and on currants with gooseberries.
Basic care activities
Growing yoshta is not much different from growing currants or gooseberries. The soil under its bushes must be mulched. This will help keep the humidity at an optimal level. Also, mulch will avoid loosening the soil after each watering. For 1 yoshta bush, 1 bucket of mulch is enough. Humus, compost, peat or sawdust can be used as a mulching material.
Yoshta bushes do not require any special pruning or shaping. It is enough just to remove diseased and damaged shoots. This culture is responsive to fertilization. You need to feed yoshta annually from 2 to 3 times per season. In the spring, half a bucket of humus and about 30 g of superphosphate are used for feeding. They are mixed and brought under the bushes. As an autumn dressing, you can use the same mixture, only it is now advisable to add 20 g of calcium sulfate to it.
For those who like to conduct organic farming without the use of chemicals, we can recommend infusion of mullein or bird droppings as spring feeding. And in summer and early autumn, you can use 0.5 can of wood ash for each square meter of planting. With good care for 2 or 3 years of cultivation, the yoshta will begin to bear fruit.
Reproduction of yoshta
Like any other shrub, yoshtu can be propagated vegetatively. But it should be borne in mind that different varieties of this culture have different methods of reproduction. For example, some very easily reproduce with the help of root suckers, while others hardly form them, but on the other hand, the layers take root well in them.
For reproduction of yoshta by layering, well-developed one or, in extreme cases, two-year shoots are used, which in the spring are pressed to the ground and fixed in this position with wooden or metal studs. The contact points of the shoots with the ground are covered with soil.
To maintain soil moisture at the proper level, the cuttings need to be watered periodically. When favorable conditions are created, rooting occurs after 1 or 2. Then they can be separated from the mother plant and planted in a permanent place. You can also propagate yoshta using cuttings.
They are harvested in winter from healthy, well-ripened annual shoots. Their length should be at least 15-20 cm. After cutting, they are placed in a container with water for 1.5-2 hours. Then they are tied in bundles, wrapped in a plastic bag and put into the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator until spring. In the spring, after the snow melts, the cuttings are planted in semi-shady places and covered with cut plastic bottles. Rooting is fast enough.
Using yoshta berries
Yoshta fruits can be consumed both fresh and used to prepare various preparations. They are especially well suited for various fruit drinks, jams, compotes and jam. In addition to its pleasant taste, yoshta fruits also have some medicinal properties.
They have the ability to alleviate the condition of various gastric diseases, they also help to improve blood circulation and perfectly remove various toxins and salts of heavy metals from the body. Yoshta is also widely used in landscape design. For example, it will make just a great hedge.
Also, yoshta bushes can be used to create separate compositions or included in existing ones. Growing yoshta on your site is quite simple. This shrub does not impose increased demands on growing conditions and does not require complex care.