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An informational article about growing zucchini in a greenhouse. Some special features of planting and caring for vegetable marrows in greenhouses. They have many benefits.
Despite the fact that zucchini contains many vitamins and other useful substances, they are low in calories and are a product that never causes allergies. Growing zucchini in a greenhouse can be a small family business.
- Which zucchini are suitable for growing in a greenhouse
- How to plant zucchini in a greenhouse
- Features of growing zucchini in greenhouses
Which zucchini are suitable for growing in a greenhouse
Young zucchini in the summer is quite an affordable and inexpensive vegetable. But with the onset of cold weather, they either disappear from sale, or you can find zucchini on the shelves that have come on sale from warm countries. Such zucchini are not very cheap, and because of nitrates and other fertilizers, not everyone will decide to buy them for their child.
If there is a choice between imported goods and vegetables from a domestic producer, most people will choose the latter option. When making a choice in favor of growing zucchini for sale in the cold season, you need to choose varieties that will have good yields and excellent presentation. The following varieties and hybrids of zucchini can be recommended for indoor cultivation:
- Aral F1
- Masha F1
Consider a description of some of the listed varieties.
Hybrid "Aral F1"
Aral F1 hybrid is one of the fastest growing early marrows. It grows very quickly and the first young zucchini can be harvested as early as 35 days. The hybrid is resistant to viral diseases and gives a good harvest in greenhouses. The bushes of the hybrid are semi-pebble. Fruits are leveled in size, they reach 16-18 cm in length, weight is about 0.5 kg. When technical ripeness is reached, the zucchini color is light green. Rare white rounded spots are scattered over the main color. Fruits contain up to 4 g of dry matter and up to 3 g of sugar. Productivity, subject to agricultural technology, is above 500.0 kg per hectare. When grown in a greenhouse, it is important to harvest every 3-4 days. This will increase the ability to form a new ovary.
The variety is designed for cultivation in greenhouses. Bush type plants with high yields. From sq. m. of area you can get 22 - 30 kg of zucchini. The variety is mid-season. The technical maturity of the fruits occurs 52 days after germination. The fruits are green with dark green strokes. The variety is tolerant to powdery mildew and gray mold.
A fast-growing variety of zucchini, the technical maturity of the fruit occurs in 35-40 days. The main color is light green. The pattern consists of wide stripes of a darker color. Fruit weight from 0.5 to 1.0 kg. Has good transportability.
How to plant zucchini in a greenhouse
Season selection and temperature conditions
You can grow zucchini indoors at any time of the year, but given the fact that autumn zucchini from open ground have good keeping quality and last 2-4 months, it is best to plan zucchini cultivation at the end of winter - early spring. It is at this time that the body needs vitamin support and most people want something from fresh vegetables.
You need to start growing seedlings in early March, and in April already get a full harvest both for your needs and for sale to the population. A sufficiently high temperature must be maintained in the greenhouse. In the daytime it should be + 23 degrees, and at night it should not fall below + 14. The soil should also be well warmed up to + 20 + 25 degrees.
Before planting zucchini, the soil in the greenhouse must be filled with fertilizers. For 1 sq. meter of area will need to add 10 kg of rotted manure. They dig up the earth and let it stand a little. It is advisable to do this work in the fall. Mineral fertilizers are applied directly to the hole before planting seedlings. For one plant, you need to add 30 - 40 g of nitrophoska. Mineral fertilizers are mixed with the soil in the hole.
If in open ground you can plant zucchini both by seedlings and seeds, then in a greenhouse growing zucchini from seedlings is much more effective. Since the seeds of zucchini are large, it is advisable to immediately grow them in individual pots. When transplanted into a greenhouse, such seedlings will not hurt.
Soil for seedlings can be taken both from the greenhouse garden, and you can buy any soil for melons and cucumbers. Fill the pots with soil and moisten it well one day before planting the seeds. Zucchini seeds have good germination and retain it for a long time.
Even after 6-8 years of storage of seeds, zucchini germinate quite amicably. To get rid of empty seeds, you need to put them in water. Seeds that do not sink to the bottom within 1-2 minutes must be removed. Immediately before planting, soak the seeds in a solution of a stimulant or potassium permanganate.
Video about growing zucchini at home:
Make 1.5 cm depressions in the ground and place seeds in them. Cover with earth, cover everything with foil or glass. Seedlings appear quickly enough. Most seeds germinate on days 3 to 5. Zucchini seedlings do not require special care, except for watering, light and heat, and at the stage of 3-4 true leaves it can be transplanted into a greenhouse.
The seedlings are simply transferred into the holes along with an earthen clod, covered with soil and watered. Zucchini are planted in rows, the distance between which should be from 0.8 m to 1.5 m, the distance between the zucchini is 0.4 - 0.8 meters. It all depends on the selected variety. Growing zucchini in the open field is very simple, but when growing in a greenhouse, you need to take into account some of the features of this plant.
Features of growing zucchini indoors
The first feature of cultivation is associated with the fact that the ground parts of zucchini grow quite intensively, if you add a nutrient mixture during cultivation, this will cause a rather violent growth of shoots and leaves. Which, in turn, will negatively affect the formation of the ovary and the growth of fruits. Since zucchini is a fairly fast-growing culture, it is enough for them what was introduced before planting.
During the period of growing zucchini, additional fertilization is not necessary. And if there are too many leaves, then some of them need to be removed in order to provide light access to the flowers or fruits.
The second feature of growing zucchini is associated with flowering and pollination. The zucchini has female and male flowers. In female flowers, a slight expansion at the base of the flower is clearly visible, and the petiole is shorter. The petiole of the male flower is even, long. Male flowers ripen 7-10 days later, so as not to lose a whole week, about 10% of the seeds are planted earlier than the main amount.
The best pollination method is insects, bees or bumblebees. If possible, it is best to put a beehive in the greenhouse, one per 500 sq. A small number of plants - honey plants can be planted between zucchini. If it is not possible to keep bees in a greenhouse, then zucchini is pollinated by hand. The male flower with stamens can be used for hand pollination. One male flower is enough for 5-6 female flowers.
The third feature of zucchini is associated with harvesting fruits. It is best to pick them at the zelents stage, depending on the variety, 1-2 times a week. This will extend the period of fruiting of the zucchini, and increase the yield. If there is a heated greenhouse on the site, then in winter it is possible to grow various vegetables for personal needs, and growing fresh zucchini in the cold season for sale to the population can bring tangible income to the family budget.