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Sea buckthorn buckthorn: planting, care and benefits

Sea buckthorn buckthorn: planting, care and benefits



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Not so long ago, sea buckthorn had mostly negative reviews. Often such reviews are left by gardeners who bought wild sea buckthorn seedlings. But those gardeners who carefully approached the choice of a seedling and planted high-quality sea buckthorn do not make any claims, but rather praise and recommend it.

Content:

  • Description of the species
  • Features of buckthorn buckthorn
  • Growing features: soil selection, planting, watering, fertilization
  • Benefits and applications in cooking and traditional medicine

Description of the species

Sea buckthorn buckthorn belongs to the Lokhnovye family. It can be both shrubs and trees, usually up to 3 meters high. The leaves of the sea buckthorn are narrow and long up to 7-16 cm, the color is green from the top of the leaf, and the bottom is grayish-golden, there is a speck on the leaves.

Sea buckthorn fruits are densely and densely located on a branch, slightly resembling bunches of grapes. Thanks to this fact, it got its name. The color of the fruit is bright orange, the shape is round and elongated.

Features of buckthorn buckthorn

Buckthorn sea buckthorn has small features that should be taken into account when planting this plant. There are masculine and feminine genders among sea buckthorn trees. Plants need to be planted together, as they are dioecious and pollinated by the wind. A male plant can be planted wild, but a female plant must be cultured.

From male varieties, it is preferable to choose Alley or Dear friend. The floor is determined at the time when the tree still lacks leaves on its buds. The male tree produces buds in any period except summer, but the female plant blooms and bears fruit in the summer. In addition, it is possible to distinguish the kidneys externally. Male kidneys are larger in size and have from 5 to 7 scales, female ones have 2 scales and 2.5 times less.

When choosing a sea buckthorn seedling, take into account your region, since it is difficult for a plant to adapt and it must be adapted to given climatic conditions. Because of its short dormancy period, sea buckthorn is bred specifically for each climatic zone.

Growing features: soil selection, planting, watering, fertilization

Sea buckthorn is planted in autumn or spring. However, despite the fact that it can be planted in the fall, in the spring the planted sea buckthorn takes root better. This fact is influenced by changes in winter, since the sea buckthorn planted in the fall did not have time to adapt to the end and is capable of freezing.

The root system of the tree is large, long and branched. Deep in the roots go to a depth of 50 centimeters. Because of this type of root system, sea buckthorn does not tolerate digging, so try to plant it in a place where the plant will not be hurt. When choosing soil, neutral, non-heavy soil is best suited.

Video about sea buckthorn berries:

It is worth choosing a sunny place. Fertilize with organic fertilizers or mineral fertilizers in the fall. You can also prepare a mixture of fertilizers and add it to the hole before planting the plant. In the hole on top of the roots of the tree, you can add 500 grams of wood ash. It is planted in a hole with a diameter and depth of 50 centimeters. After planting, the root collar should be located at ground levels. After the tree is planted, the hole is watered and covered with earth.

Sea buckthorn care

After the tree is planted, it is not necessary to water it abundantly, only in case of severe drought. Cut the sea buckthorn in the spring, until the buds appear. With the help of pruning, the crown of a tree is formed up to 5-6 years old, cutting off excess shoots.

After 7 years, rejuvenating pruning begins, in which old branches are cut out. Prophylactic pruning is done annually. Withered and damaged branches and shoots are cut from the tree.

The use of sebum in medicine and cooking

The use of sebum in medicine is very diverse. It is taken orally for vitamin deficiency, stomach and duodenal ulcers, for heart problems and blood diseases. It is used externally for burns, bedsores. Sea buckthorn fruits can be used to make decoctions, oils, syrups, tinctures.

Making sea buckthorn oil yourself is quite simple. It is necessary to manually squeeze the juice from the berries, and the remaining cake must be sent to the oven no higher than 90 ° C. Berries undergoing this processing contain a large amount of oils.

Place the dried cake in a coffee grinder and grind it. We fill one third of the total volume with refined sunflower oil and place it in a glass dish, then close the lid tightly. We store the resulting mixture in a warm and dark place for 3-4 days, stir more often than twice a day. Then the oil should be squeezed out of the cake and the next portion should be added to it, and a new portion of oil should be added to the squeezed cake.

Three servings are usually enough to make sea buckthorn oil. There are no side effects, unless you are allergic to the active substance or to any other ingredient. But if you don't want to make the oil yourself, you can buy it at the pharmacy.

Several interesting dishes and drinks can be prepared with sea buckthorn. The most popular are sea buckthorn mousse, sea buckthorn honey, milk drink and much more. Sea buckthorn mousse is prepared as follows: bring to a boil 2 tablespoons of sea buckthorn juice with pulp, add 40 g of semolina and stir for 10 minutes. Then you need to cool to 40 degrees, beat and pour into molds.

Sea buckthorn jam. You need to take 200 g of walnuts (pre-grind them) and boil them for about 20 minutes in sugar syrup (syrup composition: 1.5 kg of sugar for two glasses of water), wait until it cools down to 80 degrees. Add one kilogram of sea buckthorn to the resulting syrup, then bring to a boil, then cook over low heat until tender. Your jam should be kept in sterile jars.


Watch the video: Unusual Fruit: Starting Goji and Sea Buckthorn from Seed (August 2022).