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Cleoma - a grand flower in the garden, description and cultivation

Cleoma - a grand flower in the garden, description and cultivation


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There are flowers that are not only widespread, but also capable, if not correct any flaws in a flower garden or garden, then at least cover up and disguise unsuccessful plantings. One of these is the cleoma (cleome) flower. Such a wonderful plant is worth getting to know better.

Content:

  • Description of the cleoma plant
  • Cleoma in the garden
  • Planting and caring for glue

Description of the cleoma plant

Cleoma is an annual or biennial herbaceous or semi-shrub plant from the Cleomaceae family, of the order Cabbage. The genus is quite numerous, it includes more than 170 species. These flowers grow almost everywhere:

  • in Europe
  • in North Africa
  • in America

Cleome's stems are straight, rather powerful, with developed branching in the upper part. The height of the stems is up to 150 cm. At the bottom, the stem may have lignified areas. Leaves, shoots are covered with hairs. The hairs are glandular, sticky. Leaves are petiolate, alternate, pinnate. A light green leaf with five, rarely seven leaves.

The flowers have long stalks and four petals. The flowers are up to 3 cm in diameter. The petals are most often of all shades of pink, purple, you can find glue with white, lilac, purple or yellow flowers. Flowers are collected in loose clusters. In place of flowers, a pod-shaped fruit ripens - a box up to 3 cm in size. Many types of cleoma have flowers that look like spiders. For this similarity in Russia, the flower was named spider.

And in England, a plant is called a glue - a spider precisely because of its appearance, and not because of its predatory habits. This type of cleome is given by elongated thin stamens. Most species bloom for a very long time. In autumn, until the very frost, flowers and ripe fruits can be observed on the plant at the same time. In the wild, amateur gardening and in the landscaping of settlements, you can most often find the types of this plant:

  • prickly cleoma
  • cleoma grayish
  • bird-footed cleoma

It is noteworthy that grayish cleoma is used in the Caucasian republics as a spicy seasoning with a mustard flavor. Cleoma decorates the garden in both single and group plantings. Looks good next to evergreens. You can plant the glue tightly enough and it will create a background for other undersized flowers.

Cleoma has a very pleasant delicate smell, it attracts many pollinating insects, so vegetable beds can be placed next to it. Some of the thorniness of the plant is completely covered by its spectacular appearance. Before planting the cleoma, you need to choose a suitable place for it.

Cleoma in the garden

The gardener does not require special requirements for the site of planting and leaving the cleoma. The flower belongs to those plants that have been planted and forgotten. Cleoma will remind herself of herself with chic and unusual flowers. The only thing to remember is that cleoma is afraid of cold weather. The time for planting in the garden comes after the threat of frost has passed.

Cleoma flower on video, view overview:

The plant is very sun-loving and thermophilic; it is better to place it in well-lit places. Cleoma will grow in the shade, but varietal qualities will not be fully manifested. The plant needs a soil with a neutral reaction, it can be placed on slightly acidic or slightly alkaline soils with good drainage. The plant does not tolerate waterlogging and stagnant water. In watering, the cleoma shrinks in a particularly dry summer.

The most popular types of cleoma:

  • Queen cherry
  • Queen purple
  • Rozakenengin, pink flowers
  • Giant Pink Küssen, pink flowers, large
  • Golden sparkler, dwarf, yellow
  • Helen Kemball, white flowers
  • Color Fontaineen, multicolored

If the variety is chosen, then it remains only to plant it correctly.

Planting and caring for glue

Cleoma propagates by seeds. It can be grown:

  • through sowing seedlings
  • sowing in the ground before winter
  • sowing in the ground in spring

In addition, if there is already a cleoma in the garden, it tends to self-seeding. It remains only in the spring to transplant the seedlings to the right place. Growing cleoma through seedlings is not much different from growing seedlings of other annual flowers. Sowing time is March. Prepared boxes are filled with soil. You can take ready-made mixtures for cabbage crops or mix your own garden soil with sand and peat in equal parts.

Moisten the soil and spread the seeds before planting. Sprinkle them with earth on top with a layer of about 1 cm and cover with glass. Seedlings appear mainly in two weeks. After the emergence of seedlings, caring for them is reduced to watering and, if necessary, to a pick. The seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place in late May - early June.

It is important to remember that the plant tolerates transplanting well only at the very beginning of its growth. Therefore, if the cleoma was not sown in individual pots, then the seedlings should be dived into separate cups so that the root system is not damaged when transplanted into open ground.

Landing in the ground

In spring, seeds are sown in the prepared soil in late April - early May, when the soil warms up well. Embedding in the ground up to 1.5 cm. Before winter, sowing is carried out at the end of September - mid-October, depending on the climate. Embedding in the ground to a depth of 2 cm. After embedding in the ground, the bed is mulched with a layer of humus.

After the emergence of seedlings, caring for young plants is reduced to removing weeds and watering if necessary.

It is better to olive less often, but more abundantly, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. It is advisable to spill one or two times with a solution of potassium permanganate for the prevention of diseases. With any method of cultivation, feed the glue during the flowering period with complex fertilizer every 12 - 14 days. Even with minimal care, cleoma will delight the eye with its grandiose flowers.


Watch the video: Winter Sowing Cleome Spider Plant Seeds Cut Flower Farm Gardening for Beginners Growing Organic DIY (May 2022).


Comments:

  1. Vicage

    Accidentally found this forum today and registered to participate in the discussion

  2. Native American

    And there is other output?

  3. Traveon

    are you serious?

  4. Fenrill

    wonderfully, this opinion of value

  5. Mccloud

    You were not mistaken

  6. Malajin

    It is similar to it.

  7. Edfu

    I congratulate, by the way, this remarkable thought occurs

  8. Tuketu

    This is power !!!!



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