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On the shelves in many supermarkets, you can see jars of pickled cucumbers, which are called gherkins. Often, for this, cucumbers are used, which are still undergrowth to large sizes, but have just appeared on the branches. Gherkins are a separate species that has its own characteristics.
- What are gherkins?
- Beneficial features
- Application in cooking and contraindications for use
- Growing and caring for gherkins
What are gherkins?
Gherkins are mistakenly called unripe cucumbers, but this is an erroneous opinion. It is a special species that is divided into many varieties. Breeders are constantly breeding new varieties of gherkins, but they are all characterized by small fruit sizes that grow no more than 10 cm, but not only the length of the cucumber differs from other species. Gherkins are distinguished by a huge list of useful properties, special taste, firmness, elasticity, density. Many useful substances are concentrated in their composition.
But the cultivation of this type of cucumber is a little different, as they require special care for them. They must be properly fertilized and watered. Often such fruits are pickled in vinegar, spices are added, after which a tasty and original product is obtained, which many people have come to love. Gherkins are used not only as an appetizer at feasts, but also for preparing a variety of dishes.
There are such useful properties of gherkins:
- This type of cucumber has an excellent effect on digestion, increases appetite. It is recommended to regularly consume gherkins to improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition to their beneficial effect, they normalize the acidity of the stomach, improve its motility.
- This vegetable is classified as a low calorie food. Therefore, it is recommended to include it in the diet for those who wish to lose weight.
- This product counteracts the conversion of excess carbohydrates into fats.
The fruit contains fiber, which cleanses the intestines from the breakdown of food. Cucumbers are able to normalize blood cholesterol levels. If you systematically use gherkins, you can improve metabolic processes in the body. Among the constituents of cucumbers there is potassium, which is necessary for the normal functioning of the muscles of the heart and kidneys.
If a person suffers from puffiness, then he is advised to eat gherkins. This is due to the fact that they contain substances that remove excess fluid.
Gherkins are saturated with iodine, so they should be used for preventive purposes so that there are no problems with the thyroid gland. Surprisingly, the beneficial substances of cucumbers are transferred to the brine. In addition, this liquid is used to fight hangovers. Many vitamins and minerals are concentrated in the gherkins. Therefore, they are often used in cosmetology to treat a variety of problems. Juice is extracted from them, which can remove fatigue, noticeably improve the skin. The fruits are crushed and then used to remove skin inflammation.
Application in cooking and contraindications for use
Gherkins have found their way into cooking. They are used like other types of cucumbers. They are often used fresh and pickled. The fruits are added to a variety of dishes, they improve their taste, add tenderness. Pickled gherkins can be used for salads. And do not forget that they are great as a regular snack.
Despite the whole list of useful properties, gherkins are capable of doing harm. They are not recommended to be consumed in excessive quantities by mothers who are breastfeeding their baby. This is due to the fact that they can provoke the appearance of stomach pain in a newborn. If a person suffers from gastritis, colitis or ulcers, then you should not eat pickled cucumbers. It is not recommended to get carried away with eating gherkins for those who have cholecystitis, hepatitis and nephritis.
Growing and caring for gherkins
To grow gherkins, you must adhere to some rules of growing and care. The beds on which the cucumbers grow should be kept clean. Weeds that have appeared should be eradicated regularly. The soil should be loosened frequently. When the fruits are ripe, the garden should be well watered.
Experienced gardeners are not advised to use diffuse watering. This is because the water that gets on the foliage harms the plant. It is better to moisten the soil near shrubs. If the plant does not have enough moisture, its leaves will begin to fade. When gherkin bushes are actively developing, it is worth feeding. For this, appropriate fertilizers are used.
If the plant receives normal nutrition, then it will delight with the constant appearance of gherkins. For this, it is recommended to carry out a four-fold feeding. For the first time, fertilizers are applied when the bushes begin to bloom. For this, chicken droppings and nitrophoska are used. Phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen are introduced at the time of fruit emergence.
When the crop has been harvested, it is necessary to sub-crust again. In the future, the procedure is repeated after 2 weeks. So, gherkins are amazing vegetables that are endowed with a huge list of beneficial properties. But growing a plant requires adherence to certain care rules. Do not confuse gherkins with cucumbers, which were harvested before full ripening.
Video review of a gherkin representative: