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Momordica is a plant worth planting at home or in the garden

Momordica is a plant worth planting at home or in the garden


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Among the familiar and familiar garden plants, such as pumpkin, cucumber, zucchini, today you can find an unusual representative with the name momordica. Momordica is a plant that arouses interest in its appearance, fruit taste and application.

Content:

  • Momordika. general description
  • Growing Momordica
  • Indian cucumber fruits in cooking and folk medicine

Momordika. general description

Momordica is a genus of the Pumpkin family. The life form of all Momordica species is a herbaceous liana-like annual from tropical areas. Like many pumpkin crops, it has thin and long stems from 2.0 m to 4.0 m. The leaves are rounded at the base, strongly cut towards the top, they look like grape leaves.

The flowers of the momordica are yellow, on one plant there are male and female flowers. Immediately after pollination occurs, the ovary grows rather quickly. Fruits at the beginning of ripening are green, when ripe, they become bright, yellow, red or orange. In addition, the ripe fruit is divided into three lobes, it is covered with tubercles, which form a fancy ornament. The shape of the fruit can be round - cylindrical, fusiform.

In unripe fruits, the pulp is light green, when the fruits are ripe, it acquires a bright red color. The seeds are brown, their number reaches 50 pieces.

People call momordica:

  • bitter cucumber
  • bitter gourd
  • mad cucumber
  • balsamic pear
  • Indian cucumber
  • mad melon

The plant got such names because of the bitter taste of ripe fruits. In the countries of Asia and Africa, momordica is grown on an industrial scale as a popular vegetable and medicinal crop. Momordica fruits have a rich vitamin and mineral composition; when eaten, a special marinade is used to eliminate bitterness. In addition to fruits, in these countries, leaves, stems and flowers are prepared for food.

The genus Momordica has about 20 species, of which the following are popular:

  1. Momordika Cochin, the soft shell of this species contains a large amount of carotene, a special oil is obtained from it.
  2. Momordica harantia, a popular vegetable, all parts of which are used for food.
  3. Momordica balsamic, a plant widely used as a homeopathic remedy.

Despite the fact that all types of Momordica are inhabitants of the tropics, it can also be grown in temperate climates, both in open, closed ground, and indoors.

Growing Momordica

Considering that momordica is a close relative of pumpkin and cucumber, the cultivation techniques of these crops have much in common. Regardless of whether the bitter cucumber will grow indoors or outdoors, its seeds must be sown to obtain seedlings. Sowing time for Momordica seeds is late March - mid-April.

Before sowing, the seeds need to be soaked, the purpose of which is:

  • disinfection
  • softening of the dense seed coat

A weak solution of potassium permanganate is prepared for soaking. Soaking time is one day. To sow Momordica seedlings, you need a soil of the following composition:

  • leaf land, part 1
  • peat, part 1
  • humus, part 1
  • sand, 1/2 part

It is better to plant seeds in individual pots made of peat or cardboard, so as not to injure the root system of Momordica seedlings during transplantation.

The seed is embedded in the ground with an edge. The embedment depth should not exceed two or three of its dimensions. You need to plant seeds in a well-moistened soil. You should not place pots with Momordica crops on a cold windowsill, since warm, moist earth is needed for the emergence of friendly seedlings.

Subject to all conditions, on the sixth - seventh day, the first cotyledonous leaves appear above the surface of the earth.

A seedling can be transplanted to a permanent place after the appearance of the fourth to fifth true leaf. This can be done in the last days of May. Planting technology is the same as when planting cucumbers. At first, the seedling needs a film cover in case of early summer frosts.

When grown as an indoor pot, indoors or on a loggia, momordica must be provided with vertical support along which the plant will grow like a liana upward.

For landscaping the site, momordica is placed near gazebos, arches, fences. Throughout the season, the objects on which the momordica winds look very elegant, especially after the fruits acquire a red, yellow or orange color.

Indian cucumber fruits in cooking and folk medicine

Bitter cucumbers or Indian cucumbers can only be used as long as they are green, fully ripe, they become unusable, very bitter. You can cook almost all the same dishes from them as from zucchini, you just need to soak them in salted water for a couple of hours so that the bitterness goes away. After that, it can be fried in batter, used in stews and seasonings. Very young fruits of Momordica can be pickled like cucumbers - gherkins.

Currently, this plant is included in various diets aimed at reducing body weight.

Momordica is used in both traditional and official medicine. It helps with many diseases:

  • joints
  • respiratory organs
  • skin
  • metabolism
  • when infected with worms

Research is currently underway to treat certain types of cancer and diabetes with this herb. Despite the benefits of Momordica, self-medication does not necessarily need a doctor's recommendation.

This exotic crop in its appearance and chemical composition of fruits, leaves, flowers, deserves to be grown indoors or in the garden.

Informative video about momordica:


Watch the video: How to grow bitter gourd at home. how to grow karela at home (May 2022).


Comments:

  1. Fritz

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  2. Kitchi

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  3. Necalli

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  4. Gonris

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