We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Calla lilies are quite widespread plants that attract attention with their unusual flower shape and beautiful large shiny leaves.
Usually used for landscaping adjacent areas or grown in greenhouses for cutting.
There are species of this plant that are bred indoors as a pot culture. Depending on where the calla lilies grow, the care for them will be different.
- Callas, botanical description
- Caring for calla lilies in the garden
- Caring for indoor calla lilies
Callas, botanical description
Calla lilies belong to plants from the Aronica family, genus Calla or Calla. In natural conditions, they grow near water bodies or in wet wetlands.
Calla lilies are widespread enough, from the subtropical belt to the northern regions of Europe, in Siberia and the Far East.
The plant has a rhizome, quite powerful, divided into separate segments, in length reaches more than a meter. Where the rhizome forms nodes, numerous long fibrous roots branch off.
The plant has large, smooth, shiny leaves. A sheet plate with a solid edge, pointed upwards.
The veins bent by arcs are clearly visible on it. Young leaves are twisted into a cone.
Callas have interesting inflorescences - cobs. In height, they can exceed 6-7 cm. Each ear is covered with a petal-cover.
The top of the bedspread is pointed at the top, usually one bedspread. Occasionally it happens that several bedspreads are located one above the other, decreasing in size from the bottom to the top.
After pollination takes place, the veil turns green and photosynthetic processes also take place in it, which gives additional energy when the seeds ripen.
Fruits are small, juicy red berries. The plant blooms in the first half of summer, the fruits ripen in August.
Calla lilies are widely used in folk medicine, landscaping, potting and for growing for cut flowers in bouquets.
Caring for calla lilies in the garden
When choosing a place for planting calla lilies in the garden, it should be remembered that in shaded places it blooms more abundantly, and in sunny places it has a more elegant green bush. The soil is quite dense, clayey or loamy.
Preferably acidic, but slightly acidic, closer to neutral, is also suitable. Calla is convenient to use where you need to quickly plant a large area. Spreading, the plant quickly masters the free space.
Video about what calla lilies are:
Calla lilies are propagated in two ways by sowing seeds for seedlings and dividing the rhizome. Seeds collected in the previous fall are sown for seedlings, seedlings are planted in the ground in May. The rhizome is divided in the summer.
Calla is very responsive to feeding. During the flowering period, you need to apply potash fertilizers every two weeks. Nitrogen fertilizers are best applied after flowering, as they stimulate leaf growth and reduce the number of flowers.
It is important to monitor soil moisture. Calla lilies do not tolerate drying out of the soil. It must be moistened regularly with small portions of water.
With proper watering and regular feeding, each bush can release 9-10 long, up to a meter peduncles. Those flowers that have already faded are best removed.
For growing in the garden, you can recommend the following varieties:
- Spring white
- Elegant swan
- Captain Volant
- Captain Eskimo
Given that two plants are sometimes suspected under the name calla, one, in fact, calla or calla, winters well in the soil. The other is Zantendeskia, which was also previously referred to as the Kalla genus.
The homeland of plants from the genus Zantedeskia is Africa, and for the winter its rhizomes are dug up in September and stored in approximately the same conditions as dahlias.
Caring for indoor calla lilies
Among the plants grown indoors as potted crops, calla is one of the most undemanding crops.
However, all the same, the minimum growing and care conditions must be observed, otherwise you can not wait for the appearance of beautiful flowers.
When choosing a place for a calla, it is important to remember that although it can grow in light shade, it still needs enough sun. It is better if it will be direct sunlight in the evening hours, therefore, if possible, it is better to place the pots with calla lilies on the southwest or west windows.
Calla lilies are sensitive to air and soil moisture, it is important not to allow the earth to dry out. From May to September, potted calla lilies need abundant watering. During the dormant period, December, January, March, watering is more moderate, but without drying out the soil.
The optimum temperature in the room where the pots with calla lilies are +20 +25, during the rest period - 12 degrees Celsius.
If in the summer the plant feels good on loggias and balconies, then in September it must be brought into the room. Calla lilies may not bloom without a dormant period.
The pot for indoor calla lilies should be spacious enough, at least 20 cm in diameter.
During the period of abundant flowering, calla lilies must be fed with phosphorus-potassium mixtures.
As soon as the bedspread at the room calla lilies began to turn green, the peduncle is cut off, otherwise the number of buds may decrease.
To prevent the appearance of a spider mite or aphid on a room calla, it is important to maintain a certain humidity and regularly spray the plant. You can wipe the leaves with soapy water followed by sprinkling.
If the pest nevertheless appeared on the flowers, then it will have to be treated with special means until they completely disappear.
Modest but very elegant flowers will be the result of proper care of indoor and garden calla lilies.