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Recommendations for caring for an orchid during flowering

Recommendations for caring for an orchid during flowering


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The most attractive and mesmerizing houseplant is the orchid. Its varied shape and color can be daunting and difficult to care for.

Many growers face various problems in the process of caring for an orchid. To avoid them, it is important to take proper care of this ornamental perennial plant.

Content:

  • The orchid does not bloom: what is the reason
  • General rules for caring for an orchid
  • What to do when diseases appear

The orchid does not bloom: what is the reason

If you take proper and proper care of the orchid, then it begins to bloom at the age of 1.5-2 years. Before buying a plant, you should ask the seller about the age.

If the age is unknown, then it can be determined by the number of leaves formed. A home orchid usually begins to bloom when 5-6 leaves have already formed.

In order for the plant to have buds, it is necessary to apply the temperature difference at night and during the day. In this case, the difference should be at least 5-7 degrees.

If after this the plant does not bloom, then watering is reduced or the temperature drops to 16 degrees for 2 weeks. Only one of the above methods should be used, otherwise it may negatively affect the growth and flowering of the orchid.

It is also important to take care of the orchid during the flowering period. In order for the plant to delight with its magnificent flowers for a long time, it is necessary to care as follows.

As soon as the buds begin to form, the plant should be watered abundantly. During the flowering of the plant, the temperature at night must be increased by several degrees.

Plant care should be carried out not only during the flowering period, but also after it. The orchid also requires increased attention after flowering, since the further development of the plant depends on this.

Old peduncles must be carefully cut off. This is done so that subsequent peduncles are well formed. Sometimes the interval between flowering is very small. In a short time, the orchid cannot regain its strength.

In this case, you will need fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. They are available at flower shops. It is necessary to dilute the fertilizer according to the instructions and observe all proportions.

It is undesirable to make a highly concentrated solution, the orchid does not like it. Top dressing and watering of the plant should be alternated.

General rules for caring for an orchid

After the whole transplanting process has come to an end, the plant must be watered immediately. For this, water should be boiled in advance and a certain amount of nutrients should be added. You can use potassium, magnesium or nitrogen for this.

In the prepared nutrient solution, lower the pot with the orchid for 20-30 minutes. In the future, watering is carried out rarely as needed. It is important to ensure that the soil is completely dry between waterings.

Lighting plays a key role in plant care. It depends on him whether the orchid will bloom. For the vegetative development of the plant, a lack of lighting provokes the appearance of dark green leaves, and its excess will lead to yellowness or the appearance of brown spots.

Placing the plant on the north side of the orchid will lack light. In this case, phytolamps should be used. The best option for plant placement is the east or west side.

The optimum temperature for keeping a plant is 18-27 degrees, at night from 14 to 23 degrees. It should be remembered that watering increases at high temperatures, and decreases at low temperatures.

A video that describes a blooming orchid and the secrets of caring for it:

For successful growth and flowering of an orchid, the humidity in the room should be 60-80%. In the summer, the leaves of the plant must be sprayed with a spray bottle. In low humidity trays filled with water can be used.

They can be purchased at the store. It is recommended to fertilize the plant every 2-3 weeks. For this purpose, special fertilizers are used, designed specifically for the orchid.

It is undesirable to make top dressing in winter and during dormancy. Constant care of the orchid will allow you to bloom for a long time and abundantly.

What to do when diseases appear

If the care of the plant is carried out incorrectly and the rules and recommendations are disregarded, the orchid can get sick. Diseases in this flower are a problem, but even from such a situation there is a way out.

It is quite easy to recognize a disease such as anthracnose. It is caused by various types of fungi. On the leaves of the plant, dark red spots with small black dots are observed.

To avoid further damage, these leaves should be trimmed and sprinkled with ash or crushed charcoal. With this disease, the plant is treated with a special solution containing copper.

If the leaves and shoots of the orchid are covered with brown watery spots, then this indicates a defeat with brown rot.

In case of minor damage, the damaged areas should be trimmed and covered with ash. Treat the entire plant with a special copper-containing preparation.

If the plant begins to blacken, and the shoots and roots die off, then the reason for this is the very low temperature. In this case, it is difficult to cure an orchid.

With high humidity indoors, rot may appear on the shoots of the orchid, and spots on the leaves. The affected leaves are cut off, disinfected. Ventilate the room very often.

If the orchid has stopped growing and orange spots appeared on the leaves, then it is better to get rid of the diseased plant.

This is an advanced stage that does not even respond to treatment. During the treatment period, it is better to place the orchid separately from other plants so that the disease does not spread to them.

If no spots appear on the leaves within 7 days after pruning the orchid, then it can be placed next to other plants.

Yellowness on the leaves may appear due to freezing or hypothermia of the plant, insufficient or abundant watering, poor lighting or sunburn.

It is important to timely and efficiently take care of such a capricious plant as an orchid.


Watch the video: Take Care Orchid Ill Show You Secrets and Tips (May 2022).


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