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Orchid Ludisia is the only plant of the monotypic genus of the Orchid family. This flower belongs to the category of "precious" orchids.
This orchid is distinguished by wide leaves that have a flat petiole. The colors of the leaves can be different, from dark and rich emerald hue to black.
In most cases, the leaves have a large number of veins, which are pronounced, all of them are located parallel to the central vein. The inner side of the Ludisia leaf has a maroon or brown tint, a smooth surface.
The lifespan of one orchid leaf is 7 years. After that, the leaf dies off, and a small scar is formed on the stem, which has an annular appearance.
- Features of Ludisia Orchids and popular varieties
- Growing features
- Home care
Features of Ludisia Orchids and popular varieties
The main distinguishing feature of the plant is the original color and texture of the leaves, but the flowers, on the contrary, are rather plain, they have a faded color and expressionless shape.
Ludisia is a terrestrial orchid that has soft, creeping and rather fleshy stems, from which a large variety of young shoots extend to the top.
The flower begins to bloom actively in late autumn and continues until the end of winter. From the very top of the shoot, throughout the entire flowering, the flower garden gradually emerges.
If the brush is multi-flowered, then several small flowers bloom in it, up to 2 cm in size. In most cases, the flowers have a white or grayish tint and bright yellow dust particles. Orchid flowers have a delicate and unobtrusive scent.
Under natural conditions, this plant is often found in moss: in caves or under large trees.
Unlike other orchids, ludisia is unpretentious, so if you decide to start breeding orchids, you should start with this plant.
The precious orchid prefers to grow in partial shade, the plant does not tolerate hot and dry air, so it should not be grown near heating appliances. Orchids do not like bright sunlight - the leaves begin to lose their bright color, sink and the flower looks very painful. The best option is sunlight early in the morning and in the evening, at sunset.
Lack of light can cause the shoots to stretch out. In winter, especially if the orchid grows in the back of the room, it is recommended to supplement it. If the plant is under artificial lighting, then the duration of its daylight hours should not exceed 12 hours, after this period, it is recommended to remove the plant in the shade.
Ludisia grade "Alba". The plant of this variety differs from other orchids in that its leaves do not contain red pigment at all.
Therefore, the leaves of Alba have a rich green tint, the upper side of the leaf may have a small number of light veins, which are not as pronounced as in other varieties.
Ludisia "Dawsoniana" variety. The leaves are large in size, have a black - green or dark burgundy color, a large number of red veins.
Ludisia grade "Odin". This is one of the beautiful varieties of orchids. The leaf surface is dark, almost black in color. The veins are located over the entire surface of the leaf; they extend from the central vein. Have a light shade.
Ludisia "Otletae" variety. The leaves, unlike other varieties, have an oblong shape and a black-green tint. Veins of the longitudinal type are red.
The plant has a high level of sensitivity to such an indicator as air humidity. Ludisia prefers a humid climate (70-80%). In nature, such an orchid actively grows in places with frequent rains, moist humus.
Such conditions can be created in the apartment. The orchid is best grown on a north or east side windowsill, and can be placed in the kitchen or bathroom.
A favorable place can also be created in the back of the room by placing the plant pot on a special stand. The main thing is to provide the orchids with the maximum level of air humidity.
For this purpose, you can use a pallet filled with wet sand or expanded clay. The materials will evaporate moisture, thus, a high level of air humidity will always be observed around the ludisia.
It will be useful to spray the air in the room and around the ludisias. But do not forget about airing, since only fresh and humid air will create ideal conditions for the development of the plant.
Important! The precious orchid should not be placed on the windowsill, under which the heater is located. The radiator will constantly dry up the air, and this is detrimental not only for ludisia, but also for many other plants, therefore, in the cold period of time, it is best to transfer all the flowers from the windowsills to another place.
In order for the sudden death of the orchid not to happen for unknown reasons, it is necessary to observe a number of conditions that will help to grow a truly luxurious flower.
The most favorable temperature for ludisia is + 20 + 29? C in the summer. At night, it is best to lower the room temperature to 5 degrees. In winter, at a temperature of + 18C, the flowering period of the orchid is significantly extended.
The average daylight hours of the precious orchid are 12-14 hours. In winter, ordinary lighting fixtures can be used to extend this indicator.
This type of orchid differs in that it has the ability to make certain reserves of moisture in its root system.
Ludisia is a plant that does not tolerate dryness. The soil should always be moist. But do not get carried away with this, since an excess amount of moisture also negatively affects the plant.
Orchids do not like bright sunlight - the leaves begin to lose their bright color, sink and the flower looks very painful. The best option is sunlight early in the morning and in the evening, at sunset.
Watering is best done by immersing the flower pot in room temperature water for a few minutes. You can not spray the flower, as the water droplets will remain on the leaves, and they will lose all their beautiful appearance. You can only irrigate the air around the flower.
Orchid Ludisia and everything we know about it in the video: