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Chestnut is a medium-sized tree from the beech family.
It grows in mid-latitudes, loves warm and temperate climatic conditions. A beautiful spreading crown and candle-shaped inflorescences determine the planting of a tree in parks and on alleys along the roads.
The chestnut is propagated by the seed method, and the planting is carried out both by seedlings and fruits. The tree is frost-resistant and not whimsical to the purity of the air, therefore it grows well even along highways.
- How to plant a chestnut from a fruit
- How to plant a chestnut from a seedling
- How to properly care for a planted chestnut
- Application and medicinal properties of chestnut
How to plant a chestnut from a fruit
Chestnut seeds or fruits that ripen in early fall make excellent seedlings when planted correctly in the ground. Like the plant itself, its fruits are not pretentious and germinate well.
But most of all they like leached loamy chernozem soils. You can plant chestnut seeds in autumn and spring, we will consider separately how to plant a chestnut during these periods.
Planting a chestnut from a fruit in the fall
Ripe and fallen fruits from the tree are collected, placed in a box and covered with sand. After that, the box is placed in a cold place.
This could be a basement or a refrigerator. The approximate temperature regime of such an exposure is about +6 degrees. Fruit hardening is carried out for two weeks. Having chosen a day for planting, furrows are made in the soil and watered abundantly with water.
The fruit is planted to a depth of 6 cm and 12-14 cm from each other. Then lightly sprinkle with soil and cover with dry grass or foliage. Such a pillow will help the fruit to endure the frosty winter more easily. In the spring, all that remains is to thin out the sprouts, leaving the most powerful ones.
How to plant a chestnut from a fruit in spring
When planting in spring, the fruits harvested in the fall should overwinter, and in the spring they should fall into fertile soil. But in order for them to grow high-quality seedlings, seeds should be stored in certain conditions.
Folded in a box and sprinkled with sand, they go to the cellar for the whole winter. 5-6 days before planting, the planting material is taken out of the box and immersed in warm water. This will help the embryo to form and sprout quickly. The soil is prepared as in the autumn planting.
Considering these two methods, it should be noted that the spring is more in demand. After all, autumn fruits can be damaged by rodents or frost.
How to plant a chestnut from a seedling
When planting a chestnut from a seedling, you should know that no other trees or shrubs should grow around it, at a distance of 3 meters. Otherwise, you will not be able to admire the beautiful luxurious crown and get high-quality fruits.
For planting, you can use both annual plants and two, three and five year olds. We prepare a hole, the length, depth and width of which should not be less than 60 cm, and from the excavated soil, added humus, sand and fertilizers, we make a mixture, with which we will subsequently sprinkle the rhizome.
We cover the bottom of the dug hole by 12-14 cm with drainage made of rubble or pebbles and sand. On top of the drainage, pour the prepared earth-humus mixture and pour it abundantly with water.
After that, we plant it by compacting the soil. We make an embankment on the surface; in the process of natural shrinkage, it will level with the surface of the earth after a while.
Upon completion of planting, water the plant with water at room temperature. In the process of growth, a support should be placed near the seedlings to avoid breaking them in strong winds and bad weather. You can plant chestnuts in this way both in spring and in autumn.
How to properly care for a planted chestnut
In order for a tree to fully grow and develop, it requires some care. We must say right away that it will not be a burden, because the chestnut itself is unpretentious.
In the summer, this is monthly loosening of the soil surrounding the trunk and watering. If precipitation is regular, then the seedlings do not require additional water supply, since they have an extensive root system capable of extracting moisture from the bowels of the earth.
The use of organic compost and one-time watering with a universal composition of fertilizers, which can be purchased in any garden department, will significantly nourish the rhizome and the entire tree.
This procedure is best done in early spring. And the formation of a beautiful, wide crown will be facilitated by cutting the upper branches of the tree by a fourth of the entire length.
Correct and timely care will bring excellent results in the future.
Application and medicinal properties of chestnut
In addition to aesthetic inspiration and the use of chestnut for landscaping in landscape design, it is eaten, used in traditional and folk medicine for treatment, as well as used as cosmetic products in the form of decoctions and masks for hair and skin.
But before considering the beneficial properties of chestnut, you need to know the classification of this tree. There are several types of them, but all types can be divided into two: horse and noble.
The first has many beneficial properties, while the second is eaten.
Horse chestnut has analgesic, antithrombotic and venotonic properties.
Therefore, it is used in the manufacture of ointments and infusions that accelerate blood flow in the veins, promote blood clotting, and prevent the formation of blood clots.
Powdered products made from chestnut fruits are used for diseases of the respiratory tract, and they are also used by traditional healers as a wound healing drug.
Such treatment is possible due to the high content of tannins in the fruit. Tinctures and decoctions from chestnut inflorescences are used for dysentery, as well as used as cosmetic products.
They help get rid of inflammation, swelling and irritation of the skin. They make moisturizing and rejuvenating masks and decoctions.
The leaves of the tree are used to eliminate uterine bleeding. Alcohol tinctures are used for cardiovascular diseases, liver diseases, tuberculosis, arthrosis, joint diseases, and digestive disorders.
Due to the beneficial properties and excellent aesthetic features of chestnut, many residents of country houses decide to grow it on their site.
In addition, this is an excellent form of income, since 2 and 3-year-old plants are not cheap, and the demand for them is great.
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