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Raspberries are a popular berry plant in amateur and professional gardens. The first mention of the cultivation of raspberries in Russia dates back to about the 12th century.
In the 17th century, raspberries were already widely grown in Russian gardens. But breeding work on the breeding of garden large-fruited, remontant and other varieties of red, yellow, black raspberries began actively at the end of the 19th century and continued throughout the 20th century.
- A little from the history of selection
- Description of the variety, its advantages and benefits
- Disadvantages of the Gusar variety, the right choice of a seedling
A little from the history of selection
For more than forty years the Bryansk breeder Ivan Vasilievich Kazakov was engaged in this crop. He laid the foundation not only for the first domestic varieties of remontant raspberries, but also brought out many large-fruited, disease-resistant representatives of this popular berry.
Today, many "Kazakovskaya" varieties are grown not only in Russia, but also in the far and near abroad:
- Indian summer
The Gusar raspberry variety is one of such favorite varieties, the description of its merits speaks for itself.
Description of the variety, its advantages and benefits
The garden raspberry variety Gusar belongs to the "golden varieties" bred by I.V. Kazakov. In mass gardening - since 1999. Over the years, this raspberry has become popular primarily for its unpretentiousness. To obtain a bountiful harvest of berries from the bushes of the Gusar variety, special knowledge, skills and excessive efforts are not required.
- Bushes of the raspberry variety Gusar are strong, tall, up to 1, 8 m, but can exceed 2 - 2.5 m in height.
- The presence of a small number of thorns located only in the lower part of the shoot facilitates harvesting.
- The shoots have a slightly reddish color of the base and a pronounced waxy coating, which protects them from moisture loss and makes the plant quite drought-resistant.
This allows us to recommend the Gusar raspberry not only for the middle zone, but also for the southern regions with insufficient rainfall. The form of the shoots is straight and does not require a garter.
A distinctive feature is the absence of abundant root growth, a maximum of 8 - 10 root suckers depart from one rhizome. This makes it easier to grow berries in small garden areas and does not require huge efforts to remove unwanted shoots.
Another advantage of the variety is its yield. Under favorable weather conditions and observing simple agrotechnical rules, more than three kilograms of fragrant berries can be obtained from one Husar raspberry bush. Given that this raspberry has a medium - early ripening period, it has enough favorable sunny days to reach full ripeness in almost any region. She manages to give the main harvest of berries before the onset of unfavorable weather periods in most regions.
But the main advantage of the variety is a large, elongated berry with a blunt end. Average size - from 4 g. At the stage of final ripeness, the berries of raspberry Gusar acquire a rich dark ruby color. The flesh of the berries is dense, they stick well to the bushes, do not rot, do not crumble when picked, and tolerates transportation well over long distances.
The berries are universal. Dessert, sweet - sour taste, pleasant aroma, high sugar content, from 7 to 10%, and vitamins, up to 37%, makes them suitable both for fresh consumption and for processing into compotes, preserves, jams.
Good presentation and high yield, up to 84 centners per hectare, makes the variety attractive for cultivation for sale in farms and private households.
A huge advantage of the Gusar variety is its resistance to most diseases affecting raspberries. When breeding the variety, Kozakov took as a basis the tall, high-yielding raspberry of the American Kenby variety. The breeder used the technique of cross-pollination with varieties resistant to viral diseases. As a result, I got a new variety, which surpassed the parental forms in many respects.
The Gusar variety, having many advantages, is still not devoid of some disadvantages.
Disadvantages of the Gusar variety, the right choice of a seedling
First of all, powerful bushes require a lot of space, the distance between plants should be at least 80 - 100 cm, and the row spacing should not be already 1 - 1.5 m.
If the growth of the bushes exceeds 1.8 m and reaches 2 - 2.5 m, then trellis must be installed to support and tie the raspberries. With this growth, the bush must be tied up at regular intervals, at least two to three times. The garter will preserve the harvest of berries both on the upper and lower tiers of the plant.
The variety tolerates severe winter frosts in a sheltered form, but with the onset of thaws, followed by frosts, it is susceptible to icing of the root system, leading to the death of the entire bush. This is especially dangerous for young raspberry seedlings planted in autumn.
Being a reliable, proven variety, Gusar is still inferior to some modern representatives with higher yields, giving up to 100 -120 centners per hectare and having a berry size of over 10 g.
There are also varieties that are superior to Gusar raspberries in taste, containing a much larger amount of sugars and giving a harvest that is more uniform in size of berries.
It should be borne in mind that raspberry seedlings Gusar should be purchased only in proven fruit nurseries and garden centers. Otherwise, having purchased a plant from unscrupulous sellers, you can not wait for the declared advantages of this variety.
It is worth noting that when selling Husar raspberry seedlings with an open root system, the upper part of the shoot should not be longer than 40 - 45 centimeters, and the root system should not be shorter than 15 cm.In addition, such a seedling, which already has fully opened leaves, is unlikely will take root in the garden, most likely he will be sick for a long time and die.
The best seedling will be the one whose single shoot has a base thickness of about one centimeter.
It is better to refuse a purchase if the purchased specimen does not have external varietal characteristics, looks weak and unviable.
In general, the Gusar raspberry variety, although it has some drawbacks, deserves to be replaced with a low-yielding raspberry of unknown origin in the garden.
Watch an interesting video about the best varieties of raspberries: