Spring is the time when the most active work on the garden plots begins. One of the most common misfortunes, which is the hardest to deal with, is the bear.
- Medvedka. A little about the pest
- Bear habits
- Insect control. Several ways
Medvedka. A little about the pest
Before moving on to methods of dealing with this insect, you need to get to know him better.
So, the bear is an insect that can feed on both plants and small insects, which is why it is so difficult to remove it. It seems that she has nothing to eat, but she still does not disappear.
Usually, this insect is no more than 3 or 4 centimeters in length, but in some cases it can grow up to 6 centimeters. It all depends on how well she eats. If we talk about the external appearance, then if you take a closer look, it has very strong jaws, dark body color, claws. From the outside, it is no different from some other harmless insect. But if you do not take any action and just watch the bear, then it will ruin all the plantings.
This insect can move both in the ground, digging a passage for itself, and fly through the air, which makes it even more dangerous. And most importantly, she can even swim in water, and she does it very quickly.
A favorite place of existence is a well-fertilized and moistened soil, which, of course, fully corresponds to a normal garden in any summer cottage. It is easy to understand if there are bears in the soil. Small mounds appear on it, which indicate the presence of an insect in the garden.
Separately, it should be said about the breeding period, since it is the most dangerous. Around May or early June, when the most active work on the part of gardeners takes place, this insect begins to multiply. One individual lays many eggs, which, after a few weeks, become active, turn into small individuals and leave the nest, spread very quickly throughout the garden.
Due to the fact that it multiplies very quickly, it is necessary to use all possible methods to combat it, otherwise it will simply eat up all the plantings and cause great harm.
In order to better deal with a pest, you need to know all its habits. Despite the fact that this is an insect, it has its favorite places and you can easily predict what the bear will do after a while.
So, the most important thing is to notice the insect in time. Experienced gardeners do this without much difficulty. For those who are just starting to engage in gardening, you need to know that the traces of the bear are best visible after rain, when the places where she found refuge become clearly visible.
Many people think that she only eats certain plantings. But this is a delusion, she is able to eat absolutely everything. So, most often potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes and much more are exposed to it. She especially loves those plantations that are planted in the form of seeds, that is, carrots, lettuce, radishes, etc.
Mainly, the bear damages the root system, since its strong jaws perfectly gnaw through even large plants, or rather their rhizome. Sometimes, digging up the soil, a person can notice an insect, but after a second it already disappears from sight. In fact, the bear freezes and quietly watches the gardener, waiting for the right moment to escape.
If we talk about the time of the year when the activity of the insect increases, then this is spring, namely May, when the air temperature becomes higher every day and the soil warms up more. When the soil temperature reaches about 15 degrees, then this is just the right time for the bear to "come out". It is during this period that individuals mate. It should be noted that one female is able to lay about 400 larvae, which will later turn into full-fledged individuals and spread throughout the garden, devouring more and more plants.
Separately, it should be said that bears winter at a depth of a meter in the ground or manure. And because of these features of the insect, gardeners have developed many effective methods that help fight the pest and ensure the safety of plantings.
Insect control. Several ways
Many gardeners come up with their own ways to deal with the bear. But, of course, the most effective are those where chemicals are used. The main methods of pest control include:
- The main part of the fight against the bear comes down to the fact that it is necessary to find all its nests. To do this, of course, is not so easy, but as already mentioned in the text, it is easy to notice her presence. By gradually digging up the ground, you can find all the nests. After the first nest has been found, it must be carefully dug up and placed in a bucket. Moreover, this must be done so imperceptibly that the female, if she is suddenly in the same place, does not crawl out. After all the actions have been done, you need to take a specially purchased chemical, which is aimed at destroying the bear, and put granules in each passage going from the nest. The female will be dead the next day.
- The principle is the same, you need to find a nest. But now you can use soapy water for baiting. Scientists have conducted research and found that the female will also die from the soap solution. This solution must be poured into all the passages so that it reaches the nest itself and the larvae, well, of course, to the female. True, it is not always there. And if the female failed to kill, then after a while she lay more eggs in the same place.
These are two main ways that many summer residents use to get rid of this pest.
As mentioned above, many gardeners come up with their own special ways of how to deal with an insect. That is why special attention should be paid, on the one hand, to non-standard methods of struggle, but at the same time, quite effective:
- Sunflower oil water. You need to take four liters of water and a tablespoon of oil. After the nest has been found, the solution must be poured into it, into all the passages. After a while, the insect will crawl out and die due to the fact that the oil closes the respiratory tract.
- You need to purchase any small fish that is sold on the market. Then, dig small holes about five centimeters deep, and put the fish in these holes. It is believed that the smell of fish repels the insect.
- Find some branches of alder. They are stuck into the ground at a distance of one and a half meters from each other. Bears do not like the smell of alder and therefore they leave the garden. True, you need to remember that after the branches have dried up, they need to be replaced with fresh ones.
- Sand with kerosene. Sometimes gardeners pour sand between the beds, which was previously moistened with kerosene. Its smell repels the pest.
- Ammonia. Many people, when planting seedlings, water it with water and ammonia. You need to pour water to the very root so that the solution does not get on the leaves and harm the plant
- Ideal for those who do not like to use chemicals in their garden. At the very beginning of spring, you need to scatter small heaps of manure around the garden. They will attract a bear, and in each of these heaps there will be a nest and eggs will be laid. Then you will need to collect all these piles and crush the eggs.
- Another plant, or rather a flower, that the insect does not like is chrysanthemum. Some use the stems of the twig to repel insects. You just need to bury a small piece of the stem when planting. It is such a stalk that will provide the inviolability of the plant.
Fighting a bear is not easy, especially for a novice gardener, who will not immediately be able to understand that a pest has wound up in his garden. That is why, the easiest way will be to acquire a special poison that can take the bear out of the garden. True, you need to poison carefully so that not a single drop gets on a person.
Tips for dealing with a bear on video: