Also

Indoor flowers geranium: growing and caring for a flower

Indoor flowers geranium: growing and caring for a flower


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

One of the most popular indoor plants is geranium. Gradually, this flower reappears on balconies and window sills.

In addition to its unusual beauty and color, Pelargonium is not capricious in its care, rarely gets sick, easily tolerates bad conditions. The most unpretentious in home care are fragrant geraniums.

Their flowers do not differ in bright colors, but this plant exudes a strong, persistent pleasant smell, which, moreover, has an antibacterial effect, killing pathogenic microbes and bacteria in the air. These substances released into the air by pelargonium have a therapeutic effect on the cardiovascular system of the human body and help with diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

Content:

  • Home care for pelargonium
  • Transplanting and reproduction of room geranium
  • Problems in care and diseases of pelargonium

Home care for pelargonium

Since geranium is a plant that I came to us from the south, namely from South Africa, it is quite light-loving. In winter, it is recommended to place it where natural light gets the most. If possible, it will not be bad in the summer to transplant geraniums into the ground on the street. This promotes the appearance of new leaves and flowers. If the geranium is already in bloom, you need to feed the plant, this will make the color of its flowers brighter and these flowers will grow more magnificently and faster.

Liquid fertilizers diluted in regular water for irrigation work well. Such feeding is necessary for the plant in the summer once every two weeks. In the winter season, you do not need to fertilize geraniums. The flowering period of geraniums begins in early spring and ends in the middle of winter. The temperature regime should be observed, for pelargonium the most comfortable temperature is 20 C.

However, with a cold snap and a slight drop in temperature at night, nothing bad will happen. It is best to avoid drafts so that the plant does not get sick. Watering pelargonium should be regular, but not too abundant. It is not necessary to spray it with water from a spray; it is also undesirable to get water on the leaves during watering.

Transplanting and reproduction of room geranium

Once a year, preferably in March, you need to transplant the geranium into another pot. It should be remembered that geraniums do not like very large pots and excessive moisture, so the container for the plant should also have good drainage.

Transplant procedure

  1. Prepare a substrate or buy a ready-made one. To prepare the substrate, you need sod land, peat, humus and sand in equal proportions. For a home flower, you can use a greenhouse soil with sand. You can buy a ready-made substrate at any flower shop; you should choose a mixture called Geranium or Begonia, which may contain perlite or vermiculite.
  2. Cut off unnecessary branches. Next, you need to cut off the shoots, leaving 10 cm from the roots. This is to ensure that the geranium has a lush color. To do this, it is advisable to use a sharp knife, which after that you need to cut off more buds and flowers.

Geranium propagation occurs in two ways:

  • Using seeds
  • By cuttings

The use of seeds is important if you want to get a new variety of pelargonium. If the geranium grows in the garden, you need to collect the seeds in August and sow them into the soil immediately after harvesting. However, it is better to sow them closer to winter, this will allow them to grow en masse by the end of spring, and in just a year they will bloom.

Cut off the cuttings with a sharp knife. It is desirable that on each of the cuttings there are 4-6 leaves, and the lowest pair of leaves on them should be removed. After that, you need to let the cuttings dry up in the air for several hours.

You can let them take root in plain water or in a mixture of peat and sand. If the temperature around does not exceed 17-20 C, the geranium will take root and it can be transplanted into a container with soil after 2-3 weeks.

Problems in the care and disease of room geranium

In most cases, pelargonium gets sick as a result of non-compliance with the rules of care. These can be factors such as poor lighting, drafts, high humidity, fertilization with substances with an excessively high nitrogen content.

  1. Fungal diseases. They can be distinguished from other types of diseases by this feature: the shoot from below, closer to the root, becomes dark, the plant becomes lethargic. Such diseases are the result of increased moisture and temperature. In this case, you need to cut off the upper, intact and still healthy part and let it start up the roots, and then move it to a separate pot.
  2. Whitefly. If you notice white small moths or white eggs on the underside of the leaf, you should remove all parasites and destroy. After that, it is advisable to treat the surface of the plant with insecticides.
  3. Rust. If you find rust on pelargonium, you need to spray it with Bordeaux solution.
  4. Bacterial or viral infections. If brown or black spots are found, when leaves dry or curl or shoot rot, the affected organs should be immediately cut off and an antibacterial solution should be sprayed on the living parts of the plant. If this does not help, then most likely the plant is affected by a soil virus. In this case, you need to sterilize the soil.
  5. Decay, lethargy of the leaves. If these symptoms are not accompanied by any of the above descriptions, then the matter is in improper care, namely, excess moisture. Here you just need to reduce the amount of watering.
  6. Yellowing, whitening, discoloration of the leaves means that the plant does not have enough water. Here, on the contrary, you need to increase the number of watering, while it is important not to overdo it.

Indoor plants, among which one of the most beautiful is geranium, will become an excellent and indispensable element of decor, giving the house a warm, cozy atmosphere, saturating the air with useful antibacterial substances that can destroy harmful microorganisms in the air and have a beneficial effect on the respiratory and circulatory system of the human body.

Informative video about planting geraniums:


Watch the video: Gardening Tip - Keep Geraniums Blooming All-Season! (May 2022).


Comments:

  1. Gualterio

    Bravo, very good idea

  2. Rockwell

    Indeed, and as I never thought

  3. Ramsey

    Just that is necessary. I know, that together we can come to a right answer.

  4. Zule

    You are wrong.

  5. Migal

    the very precious phrase

  6. Weatherly

    I do not know

  7. Ken

    It is understood by itself.



Write a message