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The tree is a shoot, 1-1.5 meters high with spreading branches, more like a shrub. The leaf below is painted in a pale gray color, from above - depending on the season, it is orange or red.
Dwarf cherry blossoms for 2.5 - 3 weeks with a fluffy white color of 2-3 flowers in a bunch. The plant is very fragrant during flowering, unlike the common cherry tree. The fruit is almost black, reaches no more than 1 cm in diameter. Dwarf cherries, like ordinary varieties, are quite edible and very useful.
The tree is very fond of light, so it should be planted in well-lightened places, it tolerates sudden temperature changes well, and is resistant to frost. The soil for planting can be any. It takes root very well in densely wooded gardens.
- Dwarf sand cherry
- Wintering dwarf cherry
- Seed propagation and planting
- Dwarf cherry diseases
Dwarf sand cherry
Unfortunately, we know almost nothing about this type of decorative dwarf cherry. It differs from the cultivated cherry fruit tree both in appearance and in the requirements for growth, transplantation and care.
The plant grows up to a height of 1.5 meters, has flexible creeping branches with unusual oblong leaves, called lanceolate among breeders. The appearance of the leaves of a dwarf sand cherry resembles a willow leaf, however, in structure it is leathery, dense, gleaming with a pale green color.
The leaf of a mature plant reaches 3-5 cm in length, the width ranges from 1 to 2 cm.During flowering, an interesting moment can be observed - depending on the soil and watering, the dwarf cherry flower can be painted both in white and in a pale pink shade ... The color is collected in bunches of 4-6 flowers, forming beautiful decorative bouquets, up to 12 cm in diameter.
Dwarf cherry at home
A variety of dwarf cherries for planting in an apartment is a Cuban cherry. This plant is planted in a large pot and placed in a place illuminated by the sun's rays. The tree needs stable, regular watering and fertilizing in the spring. At home, cherries can also bloom and bear fruit, and there is no big difference between caring for a garden and an apartment for this plant.
Also, depending on the degree of tree care, during ripening, you can observe a different color in the fruits. Cherries are oval or round 2x2cm, can be pale pink and purple and dark red, almost black. The taste of sandy cherry is very similar to bird cherry - the fruits are astringent and a little tart, so when growing a tree you should be prepared that you may not like the taste of the cherry.
Dwarf Sand Cherry ripens from mid-August to mid-September. In the southern regions, the fruits ripen faster - 10-15 days, in the middle lane - up to 20-25. It is interesting that this variety of dwarf cherry was recognized in nature as a wild plant and was brought to us from North America.
It is there that the tree grows along the sandy shores of mountain rivers. For the first time this plant was cultivated by the American Charles Bessie, who saw a wonderful ornamental plant in this small shrub.
Amazing beauty is given to the plant not only by the flower buds, but also by the leaves, which in the autumn period gradually turn yellow, orange, and then red shades, gradually falling off. Sometimes a beautiful sight can be observed during the early cold weather, when a leaf falls, leaving ripe red fruits on the branches. Gardeners note that if the harvest is not harvested during this period, the dried berries will taste extraordinary in winter.
Wintering dwarf cherry
In winter, dwarf cherries, if they grow in the garden, try not to transplant. The plant tolerates low temperatures quite persistently, the root system can withstand frosts on the soil down to -400C, and the tree itself easily tolerates an air temperature of -30-35 degrees C.
- Removing dry old bark
- Cleaning the crown from wilted leaves
- Disinfection and wetting of wounds with appropriate solutions
- Burning old leaves and fallen branches
Seed propagation and planting
The plant propagates and is transplanted with seeds. In order to plant cherry seedlings in spring, the seeds must be kept for 2-3 months, the first month at a temperature of 16-180C, and the remaining time in the refrigerator. 3-5 days before sowing, the seeds must be removed, allowing them to rest and adapt at room temperature.
In addition, it should be noted that the content of the seeds must be kept in a humid environment at all times. It is necessary to provide them with at least 55-60% humidity.
However, planting dwarf cherries in early spring should be carried out away from water bodies and sources, since the root system of the plant does not perceive a large amount of moisture.
Dwarf cherries can also be propagated by cuttings or horizontal and vertical layers. The plant does not live in the garden for more than 10 years, therefore, at the age of 7-8, you need to take care of planting it.
Saplings give color and buds only in the second year of their life, and by the next year they bring a small first harvest. The tree bears fruit regularly, gaining high rates by the age of 5-6 - up to 10-12 kg. However, it is worth noting that the bush will bear fruit only by pollination with nearby dwarf cherries, so it is recommended to plant at least 3-4 pieces in the garden.
Dwarf cherry diseases
The most unpleasant and dangerous disease for this ornamental tree is monoliosis (monolithic burn). As soon as the plant fades, the leaves on the shrub begin to wither or curl, then fall off very quickly, sometimes not even having time to dry out, in rare cases remaining hanging on the stems of the shrub in an affected form.
In order to prevent the complete defeat of the tree, as soon as the disease is detected, it is urgent to cut and burn the damaged sections of the branches, clearly limiting and protecting healthy ones from them, making a vacation between the affected part of 8-10 cm.
In the spring, before the beginning of the primrose, a tree that has recovered is treated with preparations containing a certain percentage of copper or beard's liquid (3%). It is imperative that the liquid contains copper sulfate and lime. Cherries are sprayed 4-5 times every two weeks.
Prevents and prevents unwanted diseases of the dwarf tree feeding with mineral and organic fertilizers. They must include such trace elements as manganese, zinc, potassium, boron. However, if all efforts are in vain, and the disease has gone too far, the dwarf cherry must be dug up by the roots.
The tree must be burned in order to prevent the disease from spreading and damaging the entire garden. Every experienced gardener will tell you that problems and diseases noticed in time are solved faster and easier than neglected ones.
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