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At first glance, many of the representatives of green nature known to us seem natural and ordinary, to which no one pays attention. Meanwhile, do not underestimate the importance of plants, because they are used to make medicines, fabrics, building materials and everything that we need so badly. One of these representatives is the sowing chestnut.
- Description of sowing chestnut
- Useful properties and preparation
Description of sowing chestnut
Sowing chestnut is a tree from the genus chestnut. The main habitat is Europe and the adjacent western part of Asia (Turkey). In the works of famous biologists of domestic and foreign schools, the sowing chestnut has the following names:
- Sowing chestnut
- Chestnut noble
- Edible chestnut
- Real chestnut
Each of the names is associated with a certain pattern, which was noticed by this or that scientist. The name "sowing" appeared when a person realized that this tree can be cultivated and begin mass use. The nobility of this type of chestnut has been noticed due to its appearance. The mighty strong tree made a strong impression on those who managed to see it.
His nobility and strength were compared to an oak tree. The chestnut was named edible because of its suitability for food. But this tree acquired the nickname "real" because of its medicinal properties, which were actively used by our ancestors.
From the point of view of appearance, the sowing chestnut is a stately tree, the length of which is up to 35 meters. The crown has a regular oval shape. The bark of the trunk is dark brown. During the flowering period, the sowing chestnut has ribbed shoots with red hairs. The shape of the leaves is elliptical and the edges are ribbed. They are up to 27 centimeters long and up to 8 centimeters wide. on the tree there are flowers of male and female predisposition.
The former resemble yellow earrings, while the latter are green scaly lumps. The homeland of the sowing chestnut is considered to be the countries adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea, where there is warmth and moisture. In Russia, this tree can be found in the Caucasus in Dagestan.
Useful properties and preparation
The main value of the sowing chestnut is its medicinal properties. But in order to preserve them and get the proper effect when used, it is necessary to carry out a competent preparation. In this case, the following actions are carried out:
- Collecting the leaves and fruits of the sowing chestnut
- Laying out the collected material in a thin layer
- Drying in a dry, dark place
- Put in a bag
Leaves up to 20 centimeters long are suitable for collection. The fruits are harvested as they ripen. The harvest itself is carried out in late summer or early autumn. Laying and drying is carried out in dry ventilated rooms in which there is no lighting. The collected material is stored for no more than one year.
The composition of the collected useful material (leaves and fruits) of the sowing chestnut contains such useful substances as:
- Tanning and triterpene elements
- Glucose and glucose elements
- Vitamin C and K
- Organic acids
- Trace elements
The useful properties of sowing chestnut include:
- Anti-inflammatory effect
- Reducing cough
- Hemostatic effect
Our ancestors used the leaves and fruits of this tree to treat whooping cough, asthma and bronchitis. In addition to medicinal properties, sowing chestnut extract is used as a component for the manufacture of cosmetic and hygiene products (shampoo, cream, serum, soap).
Traditional medicine uses the leaves and fruits of the sowing chestnut to make the following products:
- Decoction or tincture ooze leaves
- Roasted chestnuts
- Boiled chestnuts
- Fruit mask
To prepare the broth, you need to prepare two teaspoons of crushed dry leaves. In this case, you will need to make a solution with a volume of 250 milliliters. It must be put on low heat and cooked to a boil, which should not be more than 3-5 minutes, otherwise all useful properties will disappear. After that, the resulting broth is filtered and insisted until it cools completely. After that, the resulting remedy is used during the day, one sip at the time of the onset of cough.
Frying fruits looks much easier than broth. It is enough to cut the fruit on either side and keep it in the oven for 25 minutes at a temperature of 200 degrees. Cooking fruits is not much different from frying. The fruits are also cut and boiled in boiling water for 15 minutes.
The mask is also made from chestnut fruit. For this, fresh fruits are taken, which are carefully chopped. Therefore, a little water is added and brought to a mushy state. The resulting mass is applied to the face.
The value of the chestnut, like any other plant, is very high. This gift of nature deserves attention. We must not forget that the green world is a huge storeroom, thanks to which we exist. And the absence of at least one plant in it is a huge loss, first of all, for us.
Should you grow chestnuts? Watch the video: