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Kaleria flower is a bright representative of the Gesneriaceae family

Kaleria flower is a bright representative of the Gesneriaceae family


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Kaleria is a very beautiful plant, which is not yet very common among amateur flower growers. Kaleria has a very beautiful exotic color and unpretentious care.

Content:

  • Description of the plant
  • Varieties of kaleria
  • Cultivation of kaleria. Features of the

Description of the plant

This plant is a member of the Gesneriev family, and grows in tropical regions of America. More than 65 plant species of this family includes the genus Calleria, and grow in Central America, Mexico, Colombia.

Kaleria leaves up to 8 cm wide and up to 15 cm long, have a fleecy surface, the edges of the leaves are crenate, and the shape is ovoid-oblong. The color of the leaves depends on the type of plant: dark green with red veins, olive, with a light central vein. The pile on the leaves is either red or white. Among the hybrids, there is a bronze and silvery color of the leaves.

Kaleria has a very abundant flowering. The number of flowers on a peduncle varies from one to three pieces. Kaleria flowers have the form of bell-shaped corollas, with a tube tapering to the pharynx. Sometimes the flowers are thimble-shaped. The pharynx of flowers has five rounded petals, which are covered with specks and strokes. In nature, the flowers of kaleria have a variety of colors: pink flowers with a white throat, covered with dark pink specks; red-orange with yellow fauces and red strokes; brown with a white throat and white specks, etc.

As a result of crossing different species, the color of kaleria flowers can acquire cherry, golden, amethyst, fuchsia shades, there is even a "tiger" color.

For ordinary apartments, kaleria is well suited, since this plant is less demanding on the conditions of detention.

Varieties of kaleria

  1. Fluffy kaleria. This species has leaves of a rich dark green color, with a reddish pile along the border. The bright orange flowers of the Fluffy Caleria have yellow dots on the petals and reach 5 cm in length. The plant is quite large, aerial shoots are up to 80 cm long.
  2. Foxglove kaleria. The size of this plant species is similar to that of the Fuzzy Kaleria. The opposite leaves are ovoid-oblong, light green in color and rather large - 15 cm long and 8 cm wide.
  3. Nice kaleria. It is characterized by a lower stature compared to the previous species. The broad, ovoid leaves are silvery-green with brownish-purple veins. The flowers of Kaleria are very small - only 2 cm. The color of the flowers is bright pink, there are crimson specks on the limb of the petals.

Cultivation of kaleria. Features of the

  1. Air humidity. Kaleria tolerates dry air, but still prefers humid air. But it should be remembered that the fleecy leaves of the plant do not like direct contact with water drops. In this regard, to create moisture, it is necessary to humidify the air around the plant using a sprayer, while not directing the water cloud at it. Also, a pot of kaleria can be placed in a container with wet expanded clay or moss. Warm, soft water is best for watering and spraying.
  2. Watering. Kaleria should be watered moderately, I do not allow waterlogging of the soil. However, you should not dry out the soil either. When the plant does not bloom - during the winter - watering should be reduced.
  3. Lighting. This plant loves light, therefore, for kaleria, a well-lit place in the room is needed. In the summertime, it is worth making sure that the place for the plant is not too hot and protected from direct sunlight. The best place for kaleria would be a windowsill, because this is a tropical plant that loves light and will reach for it. Otherwise, the plant will be curved, which will disrupt its decorative function.
  4. Temperature conditions. For kaleria, a moderate air temperature is suitable, up to 25 degrees Celsius. During rest, when the plant is not blooming, it is better to lower the temperature to 17 degrees. It should be noted that kaleria is afraid of drafts.
  5. Diseases. Kaleria flower is not susceptible to diseases and attacks of pests. Spider mites or aphids rarely appear on the leaves. Rot may also appear due to excess moisture in the soil. When water drops hit the delicate leaves of the plant, spots appear, the leaves dry out and fall off.

The best breeding of kaleria occurs in the spring, but at other times of the year it is possible. Kaleria breeding methods: division of rhizomes, seeds, rooting of cuttings.

During flowering, the plants are fertilized with special fertilizers for flowering indoor plants. It is not required to fertilize the plant during the dormant period.

Plant care

Kaleria blooms in autumn and summer, the rest of the time the plant rests. In summer, the plant needs good lighting, regular feeding. The air should be well humidified, and the temperature should not exceed 25 degrees. But do not forget that when exposed to direct sunlight, burns appear on the leaves of the plant.

In the autumn, when flowering stops, the watering of the plant should be reduced.

With the beginning of the dormant period, that is, in winter, the plant, or rather its aboveground part, dies off. Kaleria rhizomes are left in the ground and transferred to a dry, cool room, where the air temperature is kept at about 13 degrees Celsius. In the spring, you can start breeding kaleria.

It is advisable to transplant kaleria every spring. A low wide pot is suitable for this plant. It is worth paying special attention to the soil, the most suitable mixture for calories will be as follows: humus - half a part, leafy earth - 2 parts, peat - 1 part, sand - 1 part. It is possible to add phosphorus fertilizer.

As you can see, the indoor flower kaleria is a godsend for amateur flower growers, since it does not require special care and growing conditions, and also has various design variations. If you give this beautiful plant the right care, you can enjoy its magnificent flowering all year round.

How to propagate a kaleria with a leaf, look at the video:


Watch the video: African Violets u0026 Other Gesneriads - Three Months Later (July 2022).


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