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Japanese Astilba is famous among flower growers for its long and very beautiful flowering processes. The main enemies of any color are shade and dampness for this plant. Its reddish twigs and spreading foliage look amazing in every garden and not only during the flowering period.
- What is this plant
- Planting methods and features of growing astibald
- Plant propagation methods and subtleties of care
What is this plant
Astilbe (Astilbe) is a herb belonging to the saxifrage family. It is most widely spread in Japan, on the east coast of Asia and in North America. To date, more than 40 varieties of this plant are known in the wild and about 400 varieties have been bred by gardeners. The highest recorded height of a flower is 2 m. The color shades of flowers are extremely varied.
Astilbes with white, red, purple and pink petals look especially attractive. The foliage has a dark green, in some cases, a burgundy hue. The fruit looks like a fragile box filled with seeds. You can only witness flowering during the summer months.
In general, Japanese Astilba is a very persistent, beautiful and exotic plant for our country.
Planting methods and features of growing astibald
In order for astilbe to take root in our unusual climatic zone, it is necessary to choose the right time and place for planting it. The speed of its growth, like that of any plant, mainly depends on the abundance of solar heat and moisture.
Large representatives of this species should be planted no closer than 50 cm to each other. Medium and small at a distance of at least 30 cm. The soil must be tidied up before planting. Dig up, remove all weeds and their root systems from the planting zone.
Compost, peat or manure will help make the environment more nutritious for growing astilbe. It is better to use all three ingredients in equal proportions at the rate of 2 buckets per sq. m. Astilba is planted in early spring.
Despite the finicky exotic guest in our gardens and summer cottages, planting a plant is a rather easy and understandable process for any amateur gardener.
The habitual environment for this plant is a rarefied shade. The abundance of sunlight for the rapid growth of a flower is not at all necessary, but you cannot do without it. Most subspecies bloom much longer and more profusely if not placed in an open field. However, it should be borne in mind that some varieties prefer more sun. For example, Gloria or Bergkrisstal.
When planted in open areas, their flowering is also shorter, but at the same time it is much more intense. To create the most comfortable conditions for the flower for wintering, to maintain moisture and maintain a favorable temperature, cover the soil around the plant with sawdust, straw or bark. You can also use fine gravel for this.
The duration and splendor of your Japanese astilba directly depends on the correctly selected place for the plant, relative to its variety, and attention to the required details.
The main thing is the soil. What should it be?
Particular attention should still be focused on the soil. This plant will not tolerate prolonged drought. Any soil for astilba is good, if you remember to water it on dry days. You can protect it from wilting if you plant it on the soil in those places where groundwater occurs.
But if you have the goal of achieving the longest and most beautiful flowering, then you should focus on a more favorable choice of a site for planting. We have already found out that shaded areas are more suitable for some varieties than in the sun.
Also important is the amount of minerals in the earth, such as phosphorus and potassium. An increase in this value can be achieved through special fertilizers with a high content of these chemical elements. Bone meal is also suitable for this. When planting, we dig holes up to 30 cm and first mix flour and humus fertilizers in them. Fill with water and only after that we plant the flower itself.
It is possible to achieve the longest possible flowering by fertilizing the soil during planting. Well, who doubted it?
Plant propagation methods and subtleties of care
There are three known breeding methods for Japanese Astilba:
- Dividing the bush
The first option is the most common and simplest:
- We dig up the plant.
- Cut off all the leaves.
- We dismember it into lobules having at least 3 kidneys.
- The root is cut off.
- Delenki are planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other.
- We water every day.
- It is better to carry out the division procedure at the beginning of spring, since flowering will already begin towards autumn.
Budding is faster but more difficult than dividing. Also in the spring, when budding begins, the shoots are cut off along with a piece of rhizome. The cut should be covered with ash. It is necessary to plant the shoots in a mixture of gravel and peat in a ratio of 1: 3. The new bush is covered with plastic wrap. Already in the coming autumn or next spring, they can be transplanted as a full-fledged plant.
Reproduction by seeds. The main thing here is that the seeds are of high quality. Most varieties, when producing seeds, do not retain their characteristics in them. Sowing is only on wet soil. It is not necessary to bury them in the ground.
Seeds must be prepared for planting using a special technique. For the first 20 days they should be stored in a cool place (-4 / + 4 degrees). Then in a lighted and warm room (approximately +20 degrees). Only after that, in the spring, you can try to plant them.
Astilba japonica is a plant that will obviously give you a lot of pleasant trouble if you decide to start breeding it.
How to care for astilba? She loves to “swim”. Water this plant as often as possible. Even from a short drought, astilbe begins to fade. The leaves curl, the colors fade, and the bush itself becomes very sad in appearance.
You shouldn't be afraid of our frosts. She had already got used to them. But, unfortunately, temperature jumps in spring are not to her taste. And there's nothing you can do about it. The well-being of a flower can be improved by providing it with a stable temperature regime by covering the bush with something like spruce branches. Cover the soil near the stem with pine needles.
As you can see, the process of plant propagation will not bring you any trouble, and caring for astilba is extremely simple and will be within the power of even novice growers.
Admire the beauty of blooming astilba on video: