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Passionflower blue is an evergreen liana-like plant belonging to the passionflower family. Other names are blue passion flower, Cavalier star. The homeland of this plant is Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay.
- Description of the plant
- How to care for blue passionflower?
- Growing features
Description of the plant
Passionflower blue is widespread in indoor floriculture. In addition to the decorative function, the medicinal properties of this plant are known, and the fruits are sometimes used in cooking. What is it?
Passionflower blue can reach 10 meters in length. Its shoots are rather thin, with alternately arranged leaves on petioles. The internodes are long, and from the nodes, in addition to the leaves, a tightly twisted mustache grow, with the help of which the plant is fixed on a vertical or slightly inclined plane and, with growth, can move upward along it.
The leaves of passionflower blue are rounded, finger-dissected into approximately 6 segments. The upper side of the leaf is a glossy dark green shade, while the underside is matte and rough to the touch.
Flowering time - from spring to autumn. The flowers are large with a strong aroma, appear in the axils of the leaves and fall off in a day. In their place, new ones appear.
The name "Cavalier Star" was given precisely for the appearance of the flowers of this plant: 5 sepals of white-blue color open in the form of a star, 5 of the same petals are superimposed on them. The middle is framed by thick tricolor threads, 5 bright yellow stamens in the form of a star rise above them, and a burgundy pistil completes this composition.
The plant bears fruit since autumn. The fruits are large enough, orange, covered with a thick skin. Under it, many seeds are hidden, covered with a watery red shell. The fruits are edible, but tasteless.
How to care for blue passionflower?
Passionflower blue is very fond of bright direct rays of the sun, but at the same time, high humidity and a sufficiently moist soil are desirable. In the spring-summer period, a good option for this plant would be to take it to an open balcony or to a garden in a well-lit area.
If it is not possible to take out the plant, then in the room it should be placed by the window facing the south side, providing an influx of fresh air.
It is necessary to gradually accustom passionflower to a different level of lighting and direct sunlight. Untreated exposure to direct sunlight on leaves can cause sunburn.
In the autumn-winter period, you should equip additional lighting for this plant and artificially extend the daylight hours for it to 12 hours. Additional lighting may be required in summer, if the plant can be placed only by a window on the shady side.
Temperature and humidity
- From spring to late autumn, passionflower feels most comfortable at temperatures from 20 to 26 degrees. From time to time, you need to spray the plant with water at room temperature, the water must first settle well.
- To increase the humidity, you can also put passionflower in a pallet with wet expanded clay or pebbles. At low air humidity in the room, the buds may fall off, and a spider mite will start on the leaves.
- In winter, Passionflower blue needs to provide conditions for relaxation. Therefore, the temperature in the room where the plant is located should be kept in the range of 14-18 degrees. In winter, the plant is also sprayed with water when the air is dry.
Watering and fertilizing
The soil in the pot where the blue passionflower is planted should always be slightly damp. Overdrying it must not be allowed. Therefore, watering is carried out as needed, when the top layer of the substrate begins to dry out.
But too frequent watering, which will lead to stagnant water, is unacceptable. In caring for this plant, it is very important to maintain a balance in watering, its violation often leads to disease and death of passionflower.
In winter, the plant is watered infrequently, but the watering does not stop at all. Once a week or every two weeks, the plant must be fed with any complex fertilizer suitable for vines. In winter, feeding of passionflower is not required.
Passionflower blue reproduces very well by cuttings. They are cut from the main plant, choosing such a length that it contains at least a couple of internodes. It is better to disinfect the cuttings cuttings in order to avoid their decay, and then sprinkle them with wood ash:
- The soil for planting cuttings should be half sand. Both warm air and warm soil are needed to root the cuttings. Therefore, it is better to use special heated greenhouses. The rules for caring for cuttings are the same as for an adult plant.
- Good results are obtained by placing cuttings in a container with water. It must be placed in a brightly lit location. After a month, the plant can be transplanted into nutrient soil.
- Cuttings are made in March-April even before the start of active growth. A year later, a plant that has grown from a cutting can already bloom.
- Passiflora can also be grown from seeds. In this case, you should study the instructions on the package.
Passionflower blue can grow to large sizes if the volume of the container for it is increased during transplantation. If you do not want to end up with a ten-meter vine, then you need to transplant the plant into a small pot, approximately the same as the previous one. The roots will take up as much space as you offer them. This will not affect the flowering of passion flower in any way, of course, with proper care.
Passiflora is transplanted once every two or three years in March or early April and is combined with shortening the shoots. If your plant lives in a large pot, then instead of transplanting, it is enough to replace the top layer of soil (up to 5 cm) with a new one.
For passionflower blue, a support is needed, for which the plant will hold with the help of a mustache. It should be borne in mind that the mustache is twisted so tightly that it is not impossible to move them.
Avoid heavy or frequent pruning of passion flower. Doing so can weaken it and lead to illness. When pruning shoots, the distance to the main stem should remain about 4 cm.
Insufficiently high temperature and humidity, poor lighting and lack of feeding leads to slower growth and a small number of flowers. With temperature drops, passionflower can shed all the leaves.
Sometimes, for physiological reasons, almost half of the fruits fall off before they ripen.
Passionflower blue is a highly decorative plant. It is suitable for landscaping a room, but due to the large size of an adult plant and its rapid growth, it becomes cramped in the window space. Its decorative qualities are fully manifested when landscaping its spacious premises: balconies, winter gardens, lobbies.
See all about passionflower blue in the video: