Garden

Pernezia of Chile - Pernettya mucronata

Pernezia of Chile - Pernettya mucronata



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Generalitа


Pernettya genus includes about 170 species of deciduous or evergreen shrubs, originating in Central and South America; for some years the genus gaultheria has been added to the pernettya genus, therefore Pernettya mucronata is a synonym of Gaultheria mucronata.
It is an evergreen shrub, of small size, which generally remains below 50-80 cm in height; there are dwarf varieties, with a height less than 30 cm; it has a ground cover development, and a roundish shape, with very dense branches.
The foliage is bright green, small in size, leathery and quite thick; in late spring they produce many white flowers, followed by fruits, which ripen in autumn, remaining on the plant until the following spring: the fruits are round, with a diameter of 1-2 cm, red; there are many cultivars with white or rosé fruits. Pernettye are dioecious plants, this means that there are plants that produce only male flowers, without producing fruit, and plants that produce only female flowers, which produce fruits. To have an abundant production of fruits it is necessary to plant at least one male specimen near the female plants. The fruits of Pernettya mucronata are edible.

Exposure



The Pernezia plants of Chile are grown in a sunny position, or even partially shady to allow them to receive sunlight for several hours a day; the mucronata pernezia and the gaultheria are hardy and resistant varieties, they do not fear the cold and can easily withstand even long periods of continuous frost. However, it can happen that particularly adverse weather conditions cause fruit to fall during the winter months.

Watering



From April to September it is necessary to water the Pernezia of Chile when the soil is very dry, especially if conditions of dry climate persist. It is a good idea to check that the soil around the Pernezia of Chile remains moist but no puddles appear which could cause the formation of mold which could compromise health.
In autumn and winter, the climate is generally humid enough to allow us to avoid watering. During the vegetative period, provide fertilizer for green plants, every 20-25 days, mixed with the water used for watering.
These plants prefer soft, fresh, well-drained and acid soils, free of limestone. In the planting phase it is advisable to mix fertile soil, peat and sand to ensure proper support for plant growth.

Multiplication


To multiply the Pernezia plants of Chile in September, the semi-woody cuttings are taken with a foot of cm 7-10 cm and are placed to root in soil mixed with sand after having treated them with rooting hormone.
For the selection the reproduction by seed is used in October in cold box, it is sown in non-calcareous compound.

Pernezia of Chile - Pernettya mucronata: Parasites and diseases


The Pernettya mucronata is a fairly rustic and resistant plant in the natural environment. Usually it suffers from root rot, which manifests itself with the sudden collapse of the plant with consequent leaf deterioration. It is hardly affected by pests and diseases.