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This variety includes some species of deciduous shrubs, common in Europe and Asia, of medium size; adult specimens can reach 2-3 meters in height.
The foliage is light green in color and heart-shaped or roundish; It is very persistent and in general the lilac is one of the last plants to lose its leaves in autumn.
Towards late spring it produces large apical corymbs, consisting of small star-shaped flowers, lilac in color, slightly perfumed. There are many hybrid varieties, with white or dark purple flowers, often also with the edge of the petals in contrasting color. The flowers are followed by small woody capsules, containing seeds. Plant of easy cultivation, very common in European gardens, also as a flowering hedge.
These plants are placed in the garden in a very sunny place; they can bear the half-shade. They do not fear the winter cold or even the summer heat.
Generally they are satisfied with the rains, even if it is good to water sporadically during the hottest months of the year. There are dwarf varieties, compact, which can be grown in pots; in this case remember to water the substratum when it is dry, from March to October. Towards the end of winter, spread a slow release granular fertilizer at the foot of the plant, or mature manure.
It is cultivated in the common garden soil, preferring well-drained, clayey and alkaline substrates; the specimens grown in pots should be repotted every 2-3 years. Lillà is a plant of easy cultivation because it adapts to any type of soil. For optimal growth, however, prefer a slightly acidic substrate. The soil must be quite fresh and very rich in organic and natural substances.
It multiplies by semi-woody cutting with a heel, to be taken in summer, and is planted in a mixture of peat and sand, but the rooting is difficult. The most used method of reproduction is the graft with bud on the typical species of the place or on the privet. The Syringa Vulgaris, produces several suckers and is therefore possible the division of the tufts.
The bacteriosis of the Lill is manifested by brown spots on the leaves and the shoots blacken and dry out. Downy mildew occurs with brown and irregular spots on the tips of the shoots and on the bark. Pyrethrum-based products eliminate the insects that ruin the leaves.
Variety Lillà - Syringa
There are different varieties of lilac, both wild and hybrid. Among the most known, syringa vulgaris, the common lilac, native to Europe, syringa villosa, originating from Korea and syringa reticulata, native to Japan and Mongolia. Among the hybrids we remember the Syringa diversifolia, the syringa persica and the syringa prestoniae. These hybrids were obtained between crosses of the syringa vulgaris with the villous variety and other hybrids.
The lilac is planted starting in September, until the month of May. The operation must in fact take place far from cold periods and strong frosts. If grown in the open field, the plant should be buried on a hole at least half a meter deep. Before planting, the soil must be worked, hoed and fertilized with mature manure. The plant sold in pots should be removed from the container and immersed for a few seconds in a bucket of water to hydrate the earthen bread. Then the roots that protrude outside the earthen bread are delicately detached and the process is carried out. At this stage, the upper part of the plant must coincide with the surface of the soil.
The lilac must undergo a special repotting operation, or rather the transfer from the container to the ground. This rule applies to plants grown in pots. The above specimens must be transplanted in full field after about three or four years. In case of overgrowth, repotting or transplanting can be performed every two years.
The lilac is not a plant that has particular needs for fertilization. Generally you can use a mature manure to be buried at the foot of the same during the autumn. In the absence of organic fertilizer, prefer only chemical fertilizers for flowering plants or rose bushes. These types of fertilizers should preferably be administered in the spring. Plant fertilization must take place monthly. However, the percentage of macroelements and micro-nutrients in the fertilizer varies depending on the season and climate of the area where the plant is grown.
Even in terms of pruning, the lilac has no particular needs. We only recommend removing the withered flowers and parts that appear to be dry or damaged. Sometimes it is possible to remove even weakening branches. This last operation must be carried out starting from October. In the first year of life of the plant it is also advised to remove the flowers to allow the strengthening of the root system.
Lilac is a plant that is characterized by the beauty and color of its flowers. These can change shape and color based on the variety. The flowering time varies considerably from one species to another. However, the flowering period is included in the late spring season. Generally we see the appearance of flowers between May and June. Some varieties bloom in early May, others in mid-June.
This species is a highly decorative plant that can be grown with individual specimens or combined with other plants. The best combinations of the lilac are obtained with climbing plants such as clematis, with species with a staggered flowering like the weigelia, and with plants that bloom together with this variety. Among these we suggest the balloon of May, or vuburnum opulus, also called "snowball", which in May produces large white flowers similar to a snowball.
Lilac flowers are used to produce floral decorations to give or wear in the event of ceremonies. The white flower varieties are usually used to create wedding bouquets. To create fabulous bouquets, the flowers should be cut in the morning. Proceed by cutting the base of the stem and immersing the flowers in a bucket of water. This technique favors their good hydration and their duration. The bouquet with these well-hydrated flowers can in fact last up to ten days.
Lillà - Syringa: Meaning
The flowers of this plant occupy a prominent place in the language of flowering plants. Those of white or cream color indicate purity, while colored ones have different meanings according to their nuance. The yellow variety, for example, means having the head in the clouds, the purple lilac, instead, represents the breaking of the engagement. In other places, purple flowers express falling in love or an intense feeling of love. Their meaning is always positive, as some ancient legends also show. One of these tells that the fairies loved to live among lilac flowers. According to the fairy myths, the fairies used to plant this flower to purify evil-infested places.