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The Adamello-Brenta Nature Park is the largest protected area in Trentino and one of the largest in the Alps. It occupies a mountainous area of 620.5 square kilometers, located between 477 and 3558 m. of altitude.
To the west it includes the Trentino part of the imposing Adamello - Presanella mountain range, rich in surface waters which, fed by glaciers, form suggestive waterfalls and numerous alpine lakes. Its peaks, among which the Presanella which with its 3558 m asl is the highest peak of the whole region, the Carì Alto, the Monte Fumo and the Corno di Cavento, crown the Val Genova. To the south-east the Val di Fumo, shaped by the passage of the glaciers, preserves among its pastures some old trees, considered real plant monuments.
To the east, the Park includes the Brenta Dolomites: a fairy tale-like succession of spiers, towers and huge overhanging walls. Many suggestive valleys creep in, each with its own particular identity; among all the extraordinary Val di Tovel stands out, a gem among the alpine valleys, which houses the famous "red lake", once the protagonist of the spectacular redness due to a microscopic alga. Among the peaks the Cima Tosa, the Cima Brenta and the Campanil Basso stand out.
The incomparable landscape heritage corresponds to an exceptional wealth of naturalistic elements, first of all those of the flora and the wild fauna, with the extraordinary presence of the brown bear.
But we must not forget the priceless capital of civilization formed by the human landscape and all the historical and artistic testimonies handed down from past generations, a precious cultural heritage.
Description of the park
The rich fauna of the alpine arc is well represented: in the park live about 8000 chamois, 5000 roe deer, a thousand deer and some specimens of ibex reintroduced into the park thanks to the Stambecco Project (1995/96). But the most significant animal is the brown bear, symbol of the Park. Recently, thanks to the "Life Ursus" project, some bear specimens originating from Slovenia have been reintroduced in the woods of the north-eastern sector of the Brenta Group around the Val di Tovel. Noteworthy is the presence of ungulates, rodents such as squirrel and marmot, numerous terrestrial predators such as the fox and all the mustelids, without forgetting the rich bird life with as many as 82 species nesting inside the Park.
The presence of two distinct sectors with different geological features (limestone-sedimentary rocks of the Brenta Group and crystalline intrusive rocks of the Adamello-Presanella) has favored the natural development of endemisms and specific floristic populations, and this is particularly evident in the bands vegetation above the tree line. The forest is generally mixed.
The flowery sod reaches over 2500 m and is characterized by the typical species of alpine flora.
According to the institutional law "the purpose of the parks is the protection of natural and environmental characteristics, the promotion of scientific study and the social use of environmental assets". To achieve these objectives, the Park administration operates with a special Management Committee, a body in which the 39 Municipalities of the protected area and the main local realities involved in the use of the territory are mainly represented; in this way local communities are ensured a leading role in management decisions.
CULTURAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE
In the Park territory, with different levels of involvement, 5 companies for tourism in the area and 4 Consortia fall; there are also numerous voluntary associations that deal with tourism and not only (Pro Loco, etc.).
Many non-populated valleys are also present.
The Adamello-Presanella mountain range was the theater of battle between the Italian and Austo-Hungarian armies during the 1st World War. In many areas trenches and war relics of great value can still be found (think in particular of the Cresta-Croce and Carи Alto and Scoda Presanella cannons); the old military roads have become precious networks of paths and paths.
The entire territory is dotted with numerous mountain pastures (some of them are mountain) and shelters, as support points for hikers. The Val di Non is characterized by the monoculture of the apple, in the spring the valley bottom turns into a real flower garden.
Already from the first decades of the '900 the heartfelt voices of authoritative naturalists and men of culture had risen to invoke the birth of a Park in the Adamello - Brenta area. Despite the diversity of protection objectives and geographical boundaries, the proposals identified Val Genova, the Brenta Group and in particular the Val di Tovel as the main elements of protection, as well as the last population of brown bears in the Alps.
In 1967 the Adamello - Brenta Natural Park was finally established: the Autonomous Province of Trento included it, together with the Paneveggio - Pale di S. Martino Natural Park, in its Urban Plan, effectively creating the first two natural parks 'Italy.
But it was necessary to wait another twenty years before the Park was put in a position to "walk with its own legs". In 1987, in fact, its borders were expanded, bringing the protected area from the original 504 sq km to 618 sq km; furthermore, the following year the Provincial Law 6 May 1988, n. 18 "Order of natural parks" which defines the purpose of the administrative organization and the general guidelines for managing the protected area.
In 1999, the Adamello Brenta was then equipped with a basic management tool: the Park Plan. It contains in detail all the addresses for the activities and the operational interventions on the territory. The Plan divides the protected area into areas with different bond intensities: the integral Reserves, where human intervention is almost excluded, those guided where traditional activities are practiced, the controlled Reserves where the constraints are less tight; then there are the Special Reserves aimed at particular purposes.
The Park Plan makes it possible to direct all actions to the achievement of the institutional goals. Also for this reason, in 2001 Adamello Brenta, the first park in Europe, obtained the prestigious ISO 14001 Environmental Certification, an important international recognition of quality. Recently the Park borders have been widened again, bringing the protected area to 620.5 sq. Km.
Work in the park
The Park wants to be an engine for sustainable and lasting development, helping to re-establish the ancient bond between man and nature. What does it mean? That the local communities must be able to use the resources of the environment, but in a respectful manner, that do not produce impoverishment in the environmental goods; in this way also future generations will be able to enjoy what nature offers us today. To achieve this goal, the Park wants to restore dignity and economic opportunities to traditional activities, first and foremost alpiculture. But it also intends to define innovative forms of tourist development based on the enhancement of the immense natural and cultural heritage of the territory and on the promotion of local products.
For the Park the conservation of natural environments and the protection of flora and fauna are absolute priorities. But this does not mean only passively protecting, through the necessary constraints and prohibitions, but also managing with care and knowledge. In this way the environment can be improved and biodiversity can be increased. Examples are the reintroduction projects of the bear and the ibex or the study of the phenomenon of the reddening of Lake Tovel.
Scientific research, another of the Park's primary purposes, offers tremendous conservation aid. Thanks also to the collaboration with Universities, Museums, other public bodies and private research companies, the Park continuously monitors its natural heritage: a precious wealth of information that allows it to better manage the territory.
The Park relies heavily on environmental education, knowing that only through the dissemination of knowledge is it possible to transmit the love of nature and involve people in the commitment to the intelligent use of resources. The educational and dissemination initiatives are many and very different. Among the most important are the creation on the territory of numerous Visitor Centers and Information Points, spaces set up to offer visitors general information on the Park and the services it offers, and to illustrate specific aspects of the protected area. Then there are the wildlife area of the bear, the botanical garden, the equipped educational trails and many other structures. Every year educational activities are organized for schools - local or extra-provincial - to which various educational projects are reserved, but there are environmental dissemination actions also addressed to guests, with evenings, exhibitions, guided tours, etc. To allow stays for schools or groups participating in the Park's educational and excursion activities, some buildings in a "strategic" geographical position have been used as guesthouses.
The Park carries out an intense editorial activity. He publishes one of his magazines and takes care of the creation of leaflets, brochures, nature guides and books. The publications, organized in different series depending on the contents, are intended to introduce the many aspects of the environmental reality of the territory. In 2005, one of the guides published by the Park, "The Adamello Brenta Natural Park - The spectacle of nature and the signs of man" (by Sandro Zanghellini) was reported at the ITAS Prize of the mountain book.
Visitor Center "Bear: the lord of the woods" and wildlife area.
The center offers an exciting and fun journey, with the use of sophisticated communication techniques, to discover the brown bear, to learn about the secrets of the life of the mysterious plantigrade, of which the Park preserves the last precious Alpine population. In the nearby wildlife area, it is possible to spot three bears in semi-freedom.
Lake Tovel Visitor Center. The Center, renovated in 2004, is located on the shores of Lake Tovel and is dedicated to the lake and the nature of its waters and surrounding woods. Great attention is given to the explanation of the "mystery" of redness, which made the lake famous.
Visitor Center "Fauna: free between heaven and earth". Give an experience "face to face" with the golden eagle, the deer, the capercaillie, the chamois, the woodpeckers, the white partridge and the many other inhabitants of the mountain. Not to be missed is the "sound room", to immerse yourself in an unusual dimension and rediscover forgotten sensations: the thousand voices of nature in the woods in spring.
Do not miss the Botanical Garden "Rio Bianco", near the ancient, beautiful castle. Along a path of great beauty, which touches the Rio Bianco waterfalls and crosses the gorge of the stream, an opportunity to explore the theme of water, a modeling element of the landscape and an indispensable resource for man.
In the park there are also 7 info points, located throughout the territory, and 2 guest rooms to host educational activities for schools and organized groups.
One of the Park's greatest challenges is the creation of a new environmental culture, a new way of understanding the use of the territory. In the protected area, tourism is one of the most important economic and social sectors. For this reason, the Park has engaged in numerous projects aimed at improving environmental quality and creating an innovative mobility system; great energies are spent for the realization of a sustainable development strategy that is shared by the social, administrative and economic fabric of the territory. For this reason, the Park has promoted four important projects: Park Quality, Sustainable Mobility, Card Park and European Charter for Sustainable Tourism.
The Park Quality project was created with the aim of involving tourist operators and their guests, agri-food companies and other land management bodies in the philosophy of quality.
The adhering structures are committed to maintaining the landscape intact, preventing pollution and continuously mitigating its environmental impacts. These structures are recognizable by the Park Quality mark and have been subjected to a thorough analysis aimed at assessing compliance with environmental laws and the presence of precise quality service and respect for nature requirements. Companies that adhere to Park Quality are committed to spreading a new culture, aimed at encouraging respect for a territory that is as extraordinary as it is delicate.
Sustainable mobility is one of the most important issues for the management of the Adamello Brenta Nature Park. For years, the Park has been engaged in carrying out a series of initiatives aimed at reducing the number of cars circulating in the protected area, to systematically monitor the vehicular load borne by its valleys, to organize naturalistic-cultural initiatives capable of discouraging use of private car. A great organizational and communication effort, therefore: an effort that immediately showed its positive results and that is repeated, year after year, with continuous improvements and new proposals. In a nutshell:
- “Val Genova - a special adventure” sustainable mobility project carried out with the collaboration of Trentino Trasporti Spa and thanks to the fundamental collaboration of the municipal administrations that own the valley. Proposed in 2003, it was repeated, with increasing success, in 2004, and confirmed for 2005. The project involves the management of parking lots and accesses, with the use of shuttle buses as an alternative to the car in the upper sector of the valley, in addition to the realization of numerous educational, cultural and recreational initiatives;
- "Val di Tovel - an opportunity for discovery" following the example of Val Genova, in 2004 also Val di Tovel benefited from an accurate project of sustainable mobility, traffic management and parking, organization of numerous activities. The project was carried out thanks to the contribution of the Municipality of Tuenno and to the Trentino Trasporti Spa. This project was also confirmed for 2005.
- Traffic detection in the Park valleys. For the main valleys of the territory, frequented by a high number of vehicles during the summer season, the Park activated in 2004 a monitoring of the total traffic volume through electronic and mechanical systems. On the basis of this knowledge it is possible to intervene with greater timing and effectiveness in activating management systems adapted to the volume of traffic in circulation, following the purpose of adapting the traffic and pollution load induced to the carrying capacities of the ecological systems that every valley of the Park constitutes. This research project will also continue in the summer of 2005.
- Invitation to Tovel. One of the most interesting novelties proposed during last summer, was "Invitation to Tovel". A one-day excursion that includes the departure of a shuttle bus from the Andalo / Molveno Park which, with intermediate stops in the centers of the Lower Val di Non, takes tourists to Lake Tovel. With the accompaniment of a naturalist of the Park it is possible to visit the Visitor Center of Spormaggiore, make an excursion around the Lake and have lunch in the affiliated restaurants. All this, therefore, without moving the car from the parking lot! It is thanks to the success of Invito a Tovel (2004) and thanks to the contribution of local tourism promotion companies, that the park has decided not only to repeat the initiative, but to expand it as much as possible. From this summer, with very similar formulas it will be possible to take advantage, on a weekly basis, of many more "invitations":
or from Molveno / Andalo to Tovel;
or from Caderzone to Tovel;
or from Ponte Arche to the Val Genova;
or from Madonna di Campiglio to Val Genova;
or from Ponte Arche to the Val d'Algone.
European Charter for Sustainable Tourism
In June 2004 the Adamello Brenta Nature Park started the process for the application of the European Charter for Sustainable Tourism. The intent that the Park aims with this process is to guarantee a strategic approach to tourism able to create benefits for the local community and the economy, to qualify the tourist offer in the face of an increasingly competitive market, to establish a tourism product linked to the values that the Park expresses, to ensure a tourism development coherent with the institutional aims of the Park and, simultaneously, with the principles of sustainable development.
The European Charter for Sustainable Tourism is therefore, first of all, a method tool for defining guidelines and the right procedure to encourage tourism that is sustainable for protected areas and, at the same time, attractive for the market. The ambitious objective of the Charter is to get the Park managers, the local authorities involved in its territory, the local tourist companies and the tour operators to communicate together to share a project. It is therefore a real challenge.
Parco dell'Adamello: Park card and road info
The Park Card is the prepaid electronic card proposed by the Park for summer 2005: a kind of "park-partout" for a different way of being on vacation. The card offers Nature: it is the key to open all the doors of the Park (ie all the Park's services and activities, mostly free or, in some cases, with a 20% discount); the card offers the Tastes of the territory: with free tastings in many points with special agreements, but it does not end here: ample space for Culture, with free access to castles and places scattered throughout the province (including the Mart and the Castle del Buonconsiglio), and to the Wellness of the Comano Spa and the Caderzone Spa. Finally, the discounts on the ski lifts of Pinzolo and Madonna di Campiglio.
Three types of cards will be made: Basic (12) a taste of the park; OrsO, weekly, a dive in the park and surroundings (24), Green: seasonal, for a Park summer (40).
The cards are also available in a family version.
BOX IDENTIKIT DEL PARCO (2344 characters)
LOCATION: Western Trentino
Administrative office: Via Nazionale 24, 38080 Strembo (TN) tel 0465/806666, fax 0465/806699, e-mail [email protected], www.parcoadamellobrenta.tn.it
SURFACE: 620.52 sq. Km
It includes the Dolomite mountains of the Brenta Group and part of the tonalite massif of the Adamello Presanella: two completely different environments linked to the exceptional biodiversity and the extraordinary naturalistic richness. Minimum fee: 477 m.s.l.m. maximum 3,558 m.s.l.m.
HOW TO REACH IT
From Trento follow the SS n. 45 of the Gardesana Occidentale until Sarche, continuing to Comano Terme and Tione (SS n. 237). Shortly before Comano Terme you come to the deviation for the southern sector of the Brenta Group (Valli d'Ambiéz and d'Algone - SS n. 421). From Tione, continuing on the SS n. 237 southwards, you can access the valleys of Breguzzo and Daone-Fumo. Continuing in a northerly direction (SS n. 239) go up the Val Rendena. You reach Strembo (see), continuing, after 7 km., At the height of Caristo, the Val Genova comes off. All the centers of these valleys are connected to the provincial capital Trento by public service vehicles.
Slope of Val di Non and Val di Sole
From Trento follow in the north direction the SS n. 12 of the Brenner up to San Michele all'Adige (exit A22); continuing on the SS n. 43 in loc. Rocchetta you enter Val di Non. Continue on the provincial road n. 73 of the right Noce up to Tuenno (entrance to the Val di Tуvel) and then Cles.
Shortly after the loc. Rocchetta meets the deviation for Andalo, Molveno and the Paganella Plateau (SS n. 421), eastern access to the central Brenta chain and to the Campa subgroup.
After Cles, the Mostizzolo bridge on the Noce river marks the border between Val di Non and Val di Sole. From the centers of Malй and Dimaro you can access the northern Brenta chain.
From the upper Val di Sole you enter the Gruppo della Presanella.
The texts in this article and all the photographs are the property of the Adamello-Brenta Natural Park, protected by copyright; they have been kindly granted by Dr. Luca Nave, Press and Communication Office of the Adamello Brenta Nature Park.
For more information you can consult the park website