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The term Clorophytum refers to a genus that brings together numerous evergreen herbaceous plants, originating in southern Africa. The spider plant, also known as Chlorophytum or Clorophytum, is the best known and appears as a dense clump of fleshy leaves, long and narrow, usually light green, with yellow or white streaks. In late spring it produces long fleshy stems that bear numerous small flowers of a white color; once the flowers are wilted, the stem falls and, where it touches the ground, a new seedling is formed.
These vigorously growing plants produce many roots, which tend to fill the pot in which they were grown; It is therefore advisable to repot it at least every two years to allow their root system to develop at best without space constraints. Curious and worthy of attention, is the name given to the plant: "spider plant". The term derives from the fact that the stems of the plant, when they touch the ground, seem to walk like a spider. Hence the name spider plant.
In order to make our plants grow in the best way, it is advisable to better evaluate the type of exposure they need. There spider plant o Chlorophytum prefers very bright locations, but not in direct contact with the sun's rays that could damage the leaves, especially in the hottest periods of the year. In spring and summer it can also be placed outdoors, better in areas of partial shade. It is advisable to protect it from cold currents and in winter, it should instead be sheltered in the house because it fears the cold.
In the vegetative period water regularly and abundantly the spider plant, even if i chlorophytum they endure short periods of drought without problems; with the arrival of the first cold, reduce the watering, leaving the soil to dry slightly between one watering and another. Provide fertilizer for green plants every 20-30 days during the vegetative period, using a half dose compared to the recommended one.
Clorophytum does not have particular needs as regards the cultivation soil, however it prefers loose and well-drained soils. These are plants that grow very quickly and it is advisable to repot the plants as the roots fill the pot in a rather short time. If this does not happen, it is possible that the roots of the chlorophytum they even break up the container to try and make room.
The multiplication of the spider plant it happens by division of the tufts, in autumn. It is also possible to divide the new plants that are produced continuously from the mother plant, to do this it is advisable to wait for the small tufts of leaves to have developed an autonomous root system. The reproduction of the chloropytum is however very simple to carry out and even the less expert of gardening can safely try their hand at obtaining excellent results.
Spider plant, Chlorophytum - Clorophytum: Pests and diseases
Clorophytum can be attacked by mites that hit the leaves ruining them. They are tiny parasitic insects that, feeding on the sap contained in the chlorophytum leaves, weaken the entire plant and limit its development. To solve the problem it is advisable to purchase specific pesticide products.